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Foreword The purpose of this manu al is to provide guidance to States in establishin g their regulatory system for the certification of land aerodromes. The establishmen t of such a regulatory system is intended to ensure that the faciliti es, equipment and operational procedures at certified aero-dromes are in compliance with the Standards and Recommended Practices specified in Volume I of Annex 14 to the Convention on International Civil Aviation, and to any national stand ards and practices
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  Foreword The purpose of this manual is to provide guidance to States in establishing their regulatory system for the certification of land aerodromes. The establishment of such a regulatory system is intended to ensure that the facilities, equipment andoperational procedures at certified aero-dromes are in compliance with the Standards and Recommended Practices specifiedin Volume I of Annex 14 to the Convention on International Civil Aviation, and to any national standards and practices inforce. This manual also provides guidance on aerodrome certification pro-cedures and on the subsequent compliance andenforcement of the aerodrome operator’s obligations. Guidance material on the organizational aspects of the regulatoryauthority is also included.It is recognized that a State may limit the certification requirement to the operation of certain aerodromes only,distinguishing between factors such as the maximum number of passenger seats in the aeroplanes served by the aerodromeor the maximum take-off weight of the aeroplanes; whether the operations are scheduled or unscheduled; and whether theaerodrome is open for use at night. Since the safety of operations at all aerodromes is the responsibility of the State, the State’sregulations may also need to cover the operation of uncertified aerodromes. Such additional regulations are not covered in thismanual; the practices of certain States in this respect are, however, briefly mentioned in the introductory note to modelregulations 3B.1.1, 3B.1.2 and 3B.1.3 in Chapter 3.The scope of this manual is confined to the safety, regularity and efficiency aspects of aerodrome facilities, services,equipment and operational procedures and excludes the subjects of aviation security, air navigation services and other areas;these subjects are normally covered by separate regulations. The aerodrome certifi-cation regulations focus on the safety,regularity and efficiency of aircraft operations at aerodromes. This manual, therefore, excludes the aspects of aerodromeoperations relating to the administration of aerodrome finances and the servicing of passengers and cargo.It is recognized that it may not be feasible for a State with a limited number of aerodromes under its jurisdiction, or whichlacks technical and financial resources, to estab-lish a full organizational structure dealing with aerodrome certification,compliance and enforcement. A State in this position should not, however, diminish the stringency of its regulations in anyway; it should consider entering into a cooperative arrangement with another State or participating in a suitable regionalcooperation arrangement. The ICAO Regional Office accredited to the State may be of assistance in establishing such anarrangement under the Technical Cooperation Programme of ICAO.In developing this manual, account was taken of the current aerodrome certification or licensing regulations and proceduresof certain States. However, it is recognized that the changing aviation safety environment may necessitate revision of a State’sregulations from time to time. It is intended that this manual be kept up to date. Future editions will most likely be improvedon the basis of experience gained and of comments and suggestions received from the users of this manual. Readers are invitedto give their views, comments and suggestions on this edition. These should be directed to the Secretary General of ICAO.  Table of Contents  Page Chapter 1. Introduction 1-1 1.1General...........................1-11.2Need for certification .............1-1 Chapter 2. The aerodrome certificationregulatory system..........................2-1 2.1Prerequisites for the introductionof the regulatory system..............2-12.2Basic aviation law...................2-12.3Basic principles for aerodromecertification regulations...............2-12.4Implementation of the regulations.......2-2 Chapter 3. Aerodrome certification modelregulations................................3-1 3.1Introduction........................3-13.2Aerodrome certification modelregulations.........................3-1 Chapter 4. Aerodrome certificationprocedures................................4-1 4.1Introduction........................4-14.2Certification process.................4-14.3Dealing with the expression of interest...4-1  Page 4.4Assessment of a formal application for an aerodrome certificate..............4-24.5The grant or refusal of a certificate......4-34.6Promulgation in the AIP of the certifiedstatus and details of the aerodrome......4-44.7Transfer of an aerodrome certificate.....4-44.8Surrender of an aerodrome certificate....4-4 Chapter 5. Regulatory authority......................................................5-1 5.1Organization.......................5-15.2Functions and responsibilities of the DASS5-15.3Technical library and records..........5-45.4Staffing...........................5-45.5Qualifications, duties and responsibilitiesof aerodrome inspectors..............5-4 List of Appendices Appendix 1. Schedule of the aerodromecertification regulations —     particulars to beincluded in an aerodrome manual.............A1-1Appendix 2. Sample application form for anaerodrome certificate........................A2-1Appendix 3. Aeronautical studies.............A3-1Appendix 4. Sample aerodrome certificate......A4-1Appendix 5. Organizational structure of a typicalaerodrome safety and standards directorate.......A5-1Appendix 6. References....................A6-1  Chapter 1INTRODUCTION 1.1 GENERAL 1.1.1 Article 15 of the Convention on International Civil Aviation requires that all aerodromes open to public use under the jurisdiction of a Contracting State should provide uniform conditions for the aircraft of all other Contracting States.Furthermore, Articles 28 and 37 oblige each State to provide, in its territory, airports and other air navigation facilities andservices in accordance with the Standards and Recommended Practices (SARPs) developed by ICAO. Volume I of Annex 14to the Convention contains SARPs on the subject of aerodrome design and operation. Responsibility for ensuring safety,regularity and efficiency of aircraft operations at aerodromes under their respective jurisdictions rests with individual States.It is therefore essential that whenever the operation of airports is delegated to an operator, the State retain its overseeingresponsibility and ensure that the operator complies with the relevant ICAO SARPs and/or applicable national regulations.1.1.2 The most effective and transparent means of achieving these objectives are to:a)establish a separate safety oversight entity and a well-defined safety oversight mechanism, supported by appropriatelegislation, to carry out the functions of certification and safety regulation of aerodromes; b)implement an aerodrome certification procedure whereby a State certifies an aerodrome through the approval/acceptance of the aerodrome manual submitted by the aerodrome operator. 1.2 NEED FOR CERTIFICATION 1.2.1 In order to discharge their overall responsibility under the Convention, States need to enact basic legislation thatwill provide for the development and promulgation of civil aviation regulations, including aerodrome regulations, consistentwith their adoption of the Annexes. The inclusion of a requirement for the certification of aerodromes in the aerodromeregulations of a State will ensure that aerodrome operators can meet their obligations in accordance with the terms andconditions of the aerodrome certificate. It will also vest the regulatory auth-ority with the necessary powers to enforcecompliance with the regulations. The need for such regulations is further underscored by the increasing trend towards privatization or corporatization of aerodromes and also the increasing trend towards the adoption by States of arrangementssuch as Build, Operate and Transfer (BOT); Build, Operate and Own (BOO) and other variants thereof for the developmentof new aerodromes and the expansion of existing ones.1.2.2 Safety, regularity and efficiency of aircraft operations at aerodromes being of paramount importance, therequirement for aerodrome certification should apply equally to government departments operating State-owned aerodromes.Similarly, aerodromes operated by entities such as airport authorities or corporations owned totally or partially by a State andaerodromes owned and operated by provincial governments, cities and municipalities should not be exempt from aerodromecertification requirements.1.2.3 While the overall responsibility for aerodrome safety continues to rest with States, it is recognized that ownershipof aerodrome safety is increasingly being devolved by States to aerodrome operators. The adequacy of that ownership can bedemonstrated through a robust safety management system (see definitions in 3A.2.1). However, the adoption of a safetymanagement system does not obviate the need to comply with the SARPs contained in Annex 14, Volume I, and the applicablenational regulations.1.2.4 In order to provide guidance to States that have not yet introduced an aerodrome certification regulatory system,model regulations with introductory notes preced-ing each set of regulations are provided in Chapter 3 for adoption or adaptation, as appropriate, by States. Chapter 4 provides guidance material on the aerodrome certification procedure, andChapter 5 covers the organizational aspects of the CAA for implementation of the regulatory system.  1.2.5 The scope of this manual is confined to the safety, regularity and efficiency aspects of aerodrome facilities,services, equipment and operational procedures. It does not cover such aspects as those relating to the aeronautical informationsystem, aeronautical meteorology, the administration of aerodrome finances and the servicing of passengers and cargo. Air traffic services normally have their own regulatory framework, and therefore ATS regulations are not covered by this manual.However, since air traffic services are an integral part of an aerodrome’s operation, their regulation should be coordinated withthat of aerodromes and considered within the certification process. This can be achieved in a number of ways, with theaerodrome manual being employed as a link, as illustrated in Section 3C.3. Furthermore, since the appropriate auth-ority for aviation security may be a different organization from that tasked with the certification of aerodromes, its coverage in thismanual is limited to areas affecting aircraft operational safety, such as boundary fencing and airside lighting.1.2.6 In developing the material for this manual, particularly the model regulations and the organizational aspects of theregulatory authority, it was recognized that requirements may not be the same for all States. The structure of the modelregulations as presented will permit their adaptation, as appropriate, to meet the specific requirements of aviation scenariosin individual States.1.2.7 Throughout this manual, the term “State” refers to the basic authority which establishes a Civil Aviation Authority(CAA) which has a Director General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) with powers to exercise authority, under the laws of the State,over civil aviation matters.
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