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Print edition of The Stanford Daily, published Nov. 28, 2011
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  FEATURES/3 RECASTING THEHUMANITIES SPORTS/6 TOO MUCH LUCK  Stanford star throws four TDs in win Tomorrow  Mostly Sunny  6545 Today  Mostly Sunny  6846 MONDAY Volume 240 November 28, 2011Issue 42  An Independent Publication  www.stanforddaily.com  The Stanford Daily Stanford,Cal students march Index  Features/3 ã Opinions/4 ãSports/6 ãClassifieds/9 Recycle Me Students protest police brutality,stating ‘civil liberties have no rivalries’ By MARGARET RAWSON MANAGING EDITOR Approximately 200 Stanfordand University of California-Berke-ley students gathered on Sat.,Nov.19 at the Arrillaga Alumni Center tomarch in opposition to police actionagainst Occupy Cal student protest-ers.Occupy Cal students protestingin support of the national OccupyWall Street movement and againsttuition hikes clashed with Berkeleyo campus police on Nov.9 whenthey refused to remove their en-campment in Berkeley’s SproulPlaza.Police used batons against pro-testers,who linked arms and formeda wall around the tents.The day’sevents resulted in 39 arrests,with anadditional arrest the next morning,and injuries to protesters’ arms,heads and stomachs.Stanford organizers publicizedSaturday’s march,which took placea few hours before this year’s BigGame,with the message “civil liber-ties have no rivalries.”“This is a rally that will speak tothe character of students at bothschools,”read a publicity email cir-culated by Stanford students beforethe march.“It will send a messagethat even the strongest rivals havethe capacity to come together.”Protesters marched the streetssurrounding the alumni center withsigns,including one that read,“In- justice anywhere is a threat to jus-tice everywhere,”referencing Mar-tin Luther King,Jr.’s letter fromBirmingham Jail.Group chants in-cluded,“It’s our reality.Stop policebrutality!”The march ended at Cobb Trackand Angell Field,where the crowdheard a few prepared speeches be-fore an open-mic session.“I see a bunch of smart,youngpeople who want to fight for a bet-ter world,”said Zachary Aslanian-Williams,a Berkeley transfer stu-dent,in his speech.Robert Slaughter,a senior at St.Mary’s College,described theevents of the Nov.9 protest.He re-called witnessing police using abaton against a woman to “stab herin the stomach five,six times.”“The police department is doingthis to defenseless young peoplewho are the future,”Slaughter said.“At this I’m wondering,what thehell is going to happen to me?”hesaid.Slaughter was arrestedNov.9 and has been charged withthree misdemeanors.He said he washeld the longest of those who werearrested and described the nights hespent in the Oakland County Jailand Santa Rita Jail,where he wassubjected to a strip search.He is NEWS BRIEFS STUDENT GOVERNMENT Speakers Bureau aims tocollaborate with other groups University-record fivestudents named RhodesScholars By THE DAILY NEWS STAFF Five Stanford students were namedRhodes Scholars on Saturday.Two otherswere selected as Mitchell Scholars. Rhodes Scholarship The Rhodes Scholarship provides win-ners with the funds for up to three years of study at the University of Oxford in Eng-land.Since being established in 1902through the will of Cecil Rhodes,a Britishmine operator who founded the diamondcompany De Beers,the scholarship has be-come “the oldest and best known award forinternational study,”according to ElliotGerson,American secretary of the RhodesTrust,in a press release.The recipients from Stanford includethree graduates and two seniors:AyshaBagchi ’11,who majored in philosophy andhistory,with honors in Ethics in Society;Anand Habib ’11,who majored in biology,with honors in international security stud-ies;Kate Niehaus ‘10 MS ’11,who earnedher bachelor’s degree in biomechanical en-gineering and her master’s degree in bio-engineering;Ishan Nath ’12,who is major-  Stanford alum describes American response to ‘world’s first megadisaster’ Department tracking system catches violations RESEARCH Engineering mosttime-consuming  ACADEMICS CS remainsatop HonorCode breaches By MARY HARRISON CONTRIBUTING WRITER Computer Science (CS) continues tocontribute the largest percentage of Honor Code violations among all Uni-versity departments,although the pro-portion of plagiarism cases coming fromCS is declining.From 1991 to 2001,the CS Depart-ment accounted for,on average,37 per-cent of plagiarism cases.Between 2006and 2009,that proportion dropped to 25percent.However,the real average in-creased from 14 to 27 cases per year,which coincided with a spike in CS en-rollment.“The fraction of [plagiarism] casesthat have come from CS has gone downfrom those years [the 1990s] when insome years,we were well above 50 per-cent of total incidents,”said Eric Roberts,professor of computer science and amember of the University’s Internal Re-view Panel,which will be submitting newrecommendations about academic in-tegrity at Stanford early winter quarter.In 2002,Roberts published a paperabout plagiarism in the Stanford CS De-partment,which asserted that between 3and 5 percent of CS assignments wereplagiarized at the time it was written.“It doesn’t feel nearly as out of controlas it did when I was writing that paper,”he said.There are several theories as to whyCS accounts for such a large proportionof honor code violations,among themreal-world incentives and more rigorousregulation.“I think a good piece of it comes fromthe economic incentive,”Roberts said.“People think if they get a CS degree theycould be the next Larry Page or SergeyBrin.To cheat on a philosophy paperdoesn’t have the same economic incen-tive attached to it.”Roberts also named the availability of copy-able code,the fact that many CScourses recycle assignments from previ-ous years and the cumulative nature of CS classes as incentive and opportunityto cheat.CS professor Alex Aiken developedthe department’s plagiarism detectionsystem,known as Measure of SoftwareSimilarity (MOSS),which is used at uni-versities around the world.He rejectedthe possibility that the higher levels of  SPEAKERS & EVENTS U.S.Ambassador toJapan visits campus By AUSTIN BLOCK  In response to the success of past col-laborations,the Stanford Speakers Bu-reau intends to co-sponsor more speak-ers this year.The Speakers Bureau received$175,162 in Joint Special Fees last springand has activated an additional $25,300from its reserves for use this year.Its offi-cial Special Fees application sets aside$24,000 for co-sponsorships.About 1,400 individuals attended thebureau’s Nov.10 co-sponsorship withStanford In Government (SIG) and theFreeman Spogli Institute (FSI) of a talkby former United Nations SecretaryGeneral Kofi Annan.“Past collaborations worked reallywell,”said Speakers Bureau Co-DirectorRahul Sastry ’12.“I think collaboration isa good way to make sure that more voic-es are heard in deciding who comes tospeak here and increasing the number of people who hear about these events andare therefore motivated to come out andwatch them.”Sastry also mentioned a lack of aware- By MARY ANN TOMAN-MILLER U.S.Ambassador to Japan John Roos ’77 J.D.’80 spokeFriday afternoon to a near-capacity crowd at CubberlyAuditorium about his experience coordinating the Amer-ican relief effort to last March’s 9.0 earthquake and tsuna-mi,which he called “the world’s first megadisaster.”An hour after the earthquake,Roos declared an emer-gency and implemented Operation Tomodachi—whichmeans ‘friends’ in Japanese—one of the largest relief op-erations in international history.Nearly 200 U.S.militaryships and aircraft transported food,clothing and suppliesto those left homeless.As part of the relief effort,Stanford students sold t-shirts to raise funds for disaster aid.Roos noted how manypeople continue to stop him on the streets of Tokyo tothank him for American assistance.“What makes a country strong is its people,”he said.“It By ALEXIS GARDUNO CONTRIBUTING WRITER A recent study by the National Survey of Student En-gagement (NSSE) found that,on average,faculty expectedengineering majors to spend the most hours per week ontheir schoolwork at 20 hours,followed by social scientists at18 hours and business and education majors at 15 hours.The NSSE polled 1,900 faculty members at 48 institutions.Since its founding in 2000,it has observed a 46 percent insti-tutional response.However,Stanford has not participated inthe sampling.The study also showed some more specific findings.It as-serts that business majors spend the most time on activitiesoutside school.Furthermore,architectural engineering stu-dents specifically spend the most time on their coursework, MEHMETINONU/The Stanford Daily The Stanford Speakers Bureau, Stanford in Government and the Freeman Spogli In-stitute co-sponsored a talk by former United Nations Secretary General Kofi Annan. Please see PLAGIARISM ,page 9 ROGERCHEN/The Stanford Daily Stanford and UC-Berkeley students marched on Sat., Nov. 19 on Stanford’s campus prior to Big Game 2011to protest police brutality in response to Occupy Cal protesters’ refusals to comply with police on Nov. 9. Please see RHODES ,page 2 SERENITY NGUYEN/The Stanford Daily Please see MARCH ,page 2Please see STUDY  ,page 2Please see SPEAKERS ,page 2Please see ROOS ,page 2  is the university students at AkitaUniversity and at Stanford,thosewho donated their time,money andexpertise for those in need thatcomprise the strength of a nation.”He also described the nuclearcrisis that ensued when a 50-footwave hit the Fukushima PowerPlant.The disaster was intensifiedby the limited information avail-able during its initial hours.“We were in a situation wherethe information was scarce,chaoticor sensationalized in the media andwhere the need to communicatewas crucial,”he said.Roos himself used Twitter to as-sure that the 155,000 Americans liv-ing in Japan received timely infor-mation about the disaster.Roos stressed the Japanese peo-ples’ gratitude for their friendship,showing a film from the people of Japan thanking Americans for theiraid.He shared the inscription on hisfavorite drawing from a Japanesechild:“Thank you America.Mr.America,please take care not tocatch a cold.”He also read a letter from an or-phaned high school student whomhe visited.“On March 11,my life changedtotally,”she wrote.“At first I didn’tknow how to deal with the situa-tion.You kindly invited us to Tokyoand my life has changed again witha new meaning.I will learn Englishand go to school.Now I have adream.”Audience members respondedpositively to this mixture of factsand anecdotes.“I thought it was interesting howRoos brought in personal accountsto his presentation,creating a pow-erful effect to show what the com-munities are collectively doing torebuild,bit by bit,”said VinceSparacio ’15.The talk was organized byKappa Sigma and its CommunityService Chair Danny Organ ’13,incollaboration with the StanfordUniversity Nikkei (SUN),StanfordAsian American Activities Center(A3C) and Residential RiddellFunds.Roos served as an honorary cap-tain—alongside John Elway—for Stanford before the Cardinal’s40-12 victory in The Orange Bowllast January.Roos also touched on a morecurrent debate:whether Japanshould focus on innovative re-sources or rebuild as before.Hestated that the next generation hasthe responsibility of reconstructingthe country,noting “how great itwould be to have Stanford studentsbe a part of that effort.”He then commented on the re-cent Trans Pacific Partnership(TPP) trade agreement,which hecalled “game-changing.”Several audience members com-mended Roos’s speech.“It was inspiring to hear aboutthe gratitude of the Japanese,”saidJake Klonoski,a law student whowas with the U.S.Pacific Fleet andhelped with disaster recovery.“Forthe Navy,oftentimes relationshipsbetween State and Defense De-partment are difficult,but watchingthe Ambassador’s leadership wasimpressive.In person it’s easy to seehow he did a good job,because hetransmits the intentions of theAmerican people.”“As an American who grew upin Japan,Roos’ emphasis on the im-portance of the US-Japan relation-ship really struck a chord with me,”said Gavin Bird ’14. Contact Mary Ann Toman-Miller at tomanmil@stanford.edu. ROOS Continued from front page according to an email from NSSE Di-rector Alexander C.McCormick toThe Daily.Professors did not wish to com-ment on the study’s relevance at Stan-ford.“It depends entirely on the indi-vidual,”wrote Elisabeth Paté-Cor-nell,professor of management sci-ence and engineering,in an email toThe Daily.“I expect excellence,what-ever it takes.”She cited students’ study habitsand mastery of the material as factorsthat may vary the amount of timespent on coursework.Ronald Anderson ’15,who plansto declare a psychology major,saidthat he already finds himself exceed-ing the amount of time completingwhat is commonly referred to as Stan-ford’s “golden ratio,”an unofficial ap-proximation which equates one unitof a Stanford class to three hours of work per week.However,other “fuzzies”havefound that the golden ratio’s rele-vance depends on the individuals.“For fuzzier majors,like history orEnglish,the amount of time spent onhomework is dependent on one’sability to develop and express a cohe-sive argument,”Gabrielle Gulo ’12,an English major,wrote in an email toThe Daily.Meanwhile,the UndergraduateEngineering Handbook suggests thatengineering students enroll in 14 to 17units per quarter,which translatesinto 42 to 51 hours of work per week,according to the golden ratio.Theserecommendations are far higher thanthe NSSE study’s numbers.Emma Pierson ’13,a physicsmajor,argued that many classes,espe-cially higher-level ones,are not as-signed a fair number of units.“In techie classes,there’s almostan inverse correlation between howmany units a class is and how muchwork it is,because higher level-classestend to have fewer units,”she wrote inan email to The Daily.“A three-unitmath class is probably harder than afive-unit math class...My graduateCS course this quarter (229) is aboutas much work as the rest of my class-es put together,doubled.” Contact Alexis Garduno at agar-duno@stanford.edu. 2 N Monday,November 28,2011  The Stanford Daily WENDINGLU/The Stanford Daily  A recent study by the National Survey on Student Engagement of 48 institutions found that engineering majorsacross the country tend to spend the most time on their coursework, averaging around 20 hours per week. Courtesy of Stuart Upfill-Brown Stanford alum and U.S. Ambas-sador to Japan John Roos spoke lastFriday about the American responseto last March’s tsunami and nuclear disaster in Japan, citing student in-volvement as essential. ing in economics and Earth Systems,with a minor in mathematics;andTenzin Seldon ’12,who is majoring incomparative studies in race and eth-nicity,with a minor in feminist studies.They plan to pursue studies as di-verse as philosophy in politics tomedical anthropology to economicsfor development while at Oxford.“For me,the award signifies all of the hard work,support,love and con-viction of the people who have beenaround me and seen my journey,”saidSeldon,a member on the Daily Boardof Trustees,to the Stanford Report.Seldon is the first Tibetan Americanto win a Rhodes Scholarship.“It signifies,not just my success,but success for refuges all around theworld,especially Tibetan refugeeswho are first generation Americans,”she added.The Trust selects 32 American stu-dents for the award annually,andaround 80 students in total world-wide.2,000 students in the U.S.startedthe application process this year,ac-cording to the press release,and 830ended up being endorsed by their uni-versities to advance to the interviewround with their districts’ selectioncommittees.With five students selected fromStanford,the University not onlyposts a personal record,but also is theschool that claims the highest num-ber of Rhodes Scholars this year.Harvard,Brown and Princeton fol-lowed closely behind,with four stu-dents being named Rhodes Scholarsfrom each of these universities.“It’s terrific for those five students,and Stanford should be appropriate-ly proud,”Gerson told the San JoseMercury News. Mitchell Scholarship The Mitchell Scholarship gives re-cipients the funds for one year of graduate study at a university in theRepublic of Ireland or Northern Ire-land.13 students receive the honorannually,and were selected from apool of 300 applicants this year,ac-cording to a press release.The award—which was estab-lished in 2001 and named after for-mer Senator George Mitchell,whowas chairman of Northern Irelandpeace talk—has become “recog-nized as a highly competitive scholar-ship,vying with the more establishedRhodes and Marshall Scholarships,”the press release said.“The Scholarships that bear Sena-tor Mitchell’s name are a wonderfultestament to the contribution theSenator made to peace in Ireland andprovide an invaluable platform toconnect highly talented young Amer-ican men and women to Irelandtoday,”Irish Ambassador MichaelCollin told finalists during a recep-tion in Washington,D.C.on Friday.“The Mitchell scholarships areimportant to Ireland and ensure thatIreland and the United States remainconnected in a very special andmeaningful way,”he said.The recipients from Stanford arePhilippe de Koning ’10,who majoredin international relations and spentthis past academic year at HiroshimaUniversity in Japan under a Full-bright Scholarship,and Tommy Tobin’10,who double majored in interna-tional relations and history and is cur-rently a law student at GeorgetownUniversity Law Center.Koning plans on using his scholar-ship to study international securityand conflict resolution at Dublin CityUniversity while Tobin intends onstudying law at University CollegeCork.“Stanford is delighted that two moreof our students will represent theMitchell Scholarship in Ireland nextyear,”said assistant vice provost and di-rector of the Bechtel International Cen-ter John Pearson to the Stanford Report.  — Kurt Chirbas Caltrain kills manSaturday  By THE DAILY NEWS STAFF A northbound Caltrain struck andkilled a middle-aged man Saturday atthe California Avenue station at 10:55a.m.This is the 14th fatality on Caltrainproperty in 2011.The No.801 Baby Bullet train,car-rying about 320 passengers from SanJose to San Francisco,was not sched-uled to stop at the California Avenuestation.According to Caltrain spokes-woman Tasha Bartholomew,those pas-sengers were transferred to north-bound train No.429 at 12:19 p.m.San Mateo County Transit Policeare leading the investigation;the SantaClara County Coroner’s Office will de-termine an official cause of death afterits conclusion.During the initial response by emer-gency personnel,Caltrain service wassuspended in both directions.Trainsbegan single-tracking at reduced speedsat 11:50 a.m.,and full service was re-sumed at 2:30 p.m.,Bartholomew said.There were 11 and 19 deaths on Cal-train property in 2010 and 2009,respec-tively.A 19-year-old man was struckand killed at the California Avenue sta-tion this January as well.  — Ellora Israni RHODES Continued from front pageContinued from front page STUDY | National study examines workloads awaiting a Dec.12 arraignment.Shawn Dye ’14,ASSU senatorand political action co-chair of theStanford NAACP,said in an inter-view with The Daily that he,“waswondering if people would attack melike that.”This,along with a personal inter-est in the Occupy movement,prompted him to take a lead role inorganizing Saturday’s march.“The police brutality I felt was un-called for,”Dye said.“Looking at thevideo evidence alone,we didn’t seeany of the students provoking the po-lice.As students,we have so muchpower that police see that as athreat.”“The goal here is change andseeking justice,”said MiltonAchelpohl ’13,vice president of theStanford NAACP.The Stanford University Depart-ment of Public Safety (SUDPS) sawthe march as an opportunity for out-reach.SUDPS Chief Laura Wilsonwas present and stood on the side,lis-tening to the student speeches.“I appreciate the way in which allof the participants have handledthemselves today,”Wilson said,call-ing the protest “peaceful and produc-tive.”“Some of the videos I have seencertainly were disturbing,”she saidof the events in Sproul Plaza,thoughshe added that she was not there inperson.“It looks like us versus them,”Wilson said of what she sees as an un-fortunate situation in which people“feel the police are not part of theircommunity.”“My message would be that we doneed to come together,”she said,noting opportunities such as policeride-alongs for Stanford communitymembers to become more connect-ed to SUDPS.Associate Vice Provost for Stu-dent Affairs Sally Dickson also com-mented positively on the march,which she helped students includingDye organize.“I’m very proud of our students,”Dickson said.“What happened atCal from what I saw from the videoswas tragic.”Some protesters were clear todraw a line between the Occupymovement as a whole and Saturday’smarch against police brutality.“It’s not a matter of the Occupysituation but more about caringwhen people get hurt and motivatingStanford students to stand up forwhat is right,”said Rafael Vazquez’12,chair of the ASSU Senate.“I’mreally happy to see so many peoplewho do care.”Student groups that helped or-ganize Saturday’s march includedthe ASSU Executive and ASSU sen-ators,MEChA de Stanford,the Stan-ford Asian American Students Asso-ciation,the Stanford Asian Ameri-can Activism Committee,the Stan-ford Black Student Union,the Stan-ford Muslim Student AwarenessNetwork,the Stanford National As-sociation for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP),the Stan-ford Pilipino American Students As-sociation,the Stanford VietnameseStudent Association and the Stan-ford Students of Color Coalition.Kelsei Wharton ’12,political ac-tion co-chair of Stanford NAACPand former ASSU vice president,de-scribed the march as an effort in“raising our collective conscious-ness.”“When people hear Occupy onthis campus now,they’re not feelingit,”he said of Stanford’s perception.He described the issue as one of “try-ing to connect the dots together.”“You have to meet people wherethey are and be inclusive,”Whartonsaid of attracting students with awide set of beliefs to the march.“Youcan’t have Stanford students tunedout.”“The way in which Occupy Calhas specific aims adds credence tothe movement,”said ASSU SenateDeputy Chair Dan Ashton ’14,whoalso participated in the protest.“Hopefully,moving forward,theconversation at Stanford can be root-ed in actionable change.”Maria Rohani,a senior at Berke-ley,commented on the issue at theheart of Occupy Cal—concern thattuition may increase up to 81 percentover the next four years.“Occupy is about working againstthe system that takes advantage of those under it,”Rohani said,who waspresent at the Nov.9 protest.“TheUC system has been taking advan-tage of students for years now.”Rohani compared the concernsof protesters at Stanford and Berke-ley.“You cannot have an Occupymovement at Cal without [tuition in-creases] being a focus,”she said.“When you go somewhere like Stan-ford,it may not be as tangible,but it’sstill part of your world.” Contact Margaret Rawson at marawson@stanford.edu. MARCH Continued from front page ness about the bureau’s ability toco-sponsor speaking events.Whileit usually only allocates a maximumof $1,000 dollars per speaker eventand a maximum of $1,500 per yearfor a co-sponsorship with a particu-lar campus organization,Sastrysaid it sometimes exceeds that limitto co-sponsor a marquee event suchas the Annan talk.“Last year,we had a lot morepeople applying spring quarter rel-ative to fall and winter.I think thatmight [have] to do with the fact theword didn’t get out,”he said.Stanford in Government ChairOtis Reid ’12 called the Annanevent a success.He said Annan wasSIG’s most important speaker sincePervez Musharraf spoke at Stan-ford in Jan.2009 shortly after beingdeposed from the presidency inPakistan.Both Reid and Sastry said theywere pleased with the collabora-tion.They are currently planning tobring Pulitzer Prize-winning NewYork Times columnist NicholasKristof to Stanford in January.Sastry said the Speakers Bu-reau’s goal is to hold two to threemajor events per quarter.In addi-tion to co-sponsoring Annan’s visitto campus,the bureau also inde-pendently funded documentaryfilmmaker Michael Moore’s Octo-ber lecture,which attracted about400 attendees.The bureau does not fund allspeakers who come to campus.Forexample,Stanford Students forQueer Liberation did not interactwith the Bureau when bringingspeakers to campus for its Intersec-tions Week.Last year,the bureau collaborat-ed with SIG,Students for a Sustain-able Stanford (SSS) and the HillelFoundation for Jewish CampusLife to bring New York Timescolumnist and Middle East expertThomas Friedman to campus.Italso co-sponsored the Daniel PearlMemorial Lecture,which broughtCNN’s Wolf Blitzer and DavidBohrman to campus.“Members of SIG leadership,in-cluding myself,noted the impor-tance of partnering with an envi-ronmental organization on campus,since Friedman would be talkingsignificantly about his vision of aclean-energy economy,”said Sid-dhartha Oza ’11,last year’s SSS Co-President and SIG Vice Chair.“Thepartnership between SIG,SSS,Hil-lel and the ASSU Speakers Bureauwas beneficial for all parties andran rather smoothly.”Last year’s ASSU ElectionsCommissioner Stephen Trusheim’13 said that because the Bureau isconsidered an ASSU “service or-ganization,”it has “more regula-tions and restrictions than a normalstudent organization.”Article IX,Section 5 of theASSU Joint Bylaws details the bu-reau’s organizational structure andspending,fundraising and budget-ing rules.Section 5 also spells outthe organization’s charge:“to pro-mote intellectual,political,socialand cultural awareness of differingviewpoints in the Stanford commu-nity.”“On controversial issues,everyattempt shall be made to provide abalanced presentation of speakersto the community,although thisbalance need not be present in eachindividual event,”Section 5 contin-ues.The Bureau is invested with the“sole authority to invite,on behalf of the entire Association,individu-als to speak at Stanford.” Contact Austin Block at aeblock@stanford.edu. SPEAKERS Continued from front page Pastcollaborationsworkedreally well. — RAHUL SASTRY,Stanford SpeakersBureau chair    The Stanford Daily Monday,November 28,2011 N 3 PROFILE Recasting thehumanitiesthrough‘distantreading’ F EATURES Q&A On track with JuliaLandauer J ulia Landauer ’14 is not your typ-ical college student:when shewas 10 years old,she started rac-ing go-karts.By age 13,her ambi-tion and talent provoked her tobranch out into racing cars.And a yearlater at age 14,Landauer became thefirst female and the youngest driver towin the Skip Barber Racing Series.When she turned 17,Landauer re-ceived her NASCAR license andtoday travels the country participatingin NASCAR races and events.She isalso the founder of Julia LandauerRacing,which promotes her imageand seeks sponsors for her racingteam.As a typically busy college stu-dent,she successfully manages to bal-ance academics with her professionalracing career.The Daily spoke withLandauer to find out more about herexperiences as both a Stanford under-grad and a racecar driver. PROFILE Lake Lag and the salamanders’power Stanford Daily File PhotoCourtesy of Emily Dehn Knight N estled between Governor’sCorner and Florence MooreHall is Lake Lagunita,the“lake”that is a misnomer forroughly three quarters of theyear.“Lake Lag,”as it is commonlycalled,is actually not much of a lake at all.Lake Lag only rises naturally duringthe rainy season,normally occurring dur-ing winter quarter,but the University fillsit with water when necessary to supportthe California tiger salamander popula-tion that resides in the lakebed.This deci-sion was made due to the plight of thesenative amphibians,according to Universi-ty archeologist Laura Jones.The salaman-der’s “vulnerable”classification by the In-ternational Union for Conservation of Nature was enough to guarantee thatmeasures were taken to allow for theirsurvival.These precautions include monitor-ing the water level of the lake to ensurethat it’s high enough to support salaman-der reproduction.Regardless of this cau-tionary measure and the natural runoff of water from the foothills,the lake depthonly ever reaches about three feet.Ac-cording to Jones,in addition to salaman-ders,the lake also hosts a variety of wildlife,including mallards,herons,egrets,garden snakes and tree frogs.These days,the lake doesn’t attractmuch attention from anyone besides thenative wildlife,especially after the BigGame Bonfire,a tradition that precededthe Big Game every year,was banned in1997 after scientists from the Center forConversation Biology concluded that itwould pose a threat to the salamanders.Nowadays,students don’t hold school-wide events at the lake.Instead,it’s oftenthe location for small club gatherings,late-night strolls on its surrounding trailand sunbathing during the warmermonths of the year.  — Sierra Freeman The Stanford Daily (TSD): Why did youcome to Stanford? Julia Landauer (JL): I consider educationreally important,and I was going to pursue itanyway.[Stanford] is such a huge researchinstitution,which made it really attractive.Also,the networking is incredible.Overall,itwas perfect,and it didn’t hurt that it has suchnice weather. TSD: How do you balance your racing andyour Stanford lives? JL: It’s really tough.High school was manage-able,[and] even though I went to a very com-petitive school,I got used to it.Right now,mybiggest issue is the sheer amount of time I’m inclass.All the time I am in class I can’t dedicateit to the business side of racing. TSD: Do you need to drive every week tostay competitive? JL: No,it is kind of like riding a bike,it comesback pretty quickly.But I do work out everyday—strength training and endurance.De-spite my small frame,I am strong. TSD: Do you feel that it is difficult to com-pete in such a male-dominated sport? JL: I’ve had a pretty good time with it;I don’tthink that I have gotten a lot of negativity.Forone,I don’t exude “girliness,”but overall,Ithink it really comes down to proving myself on [the] track.If they can see me as a com-petitor,then they’ll see me as that—a driver,not as the girl who is a racer. TSD: What are your current plans for racing? JL: I’m pushing the driving 100 percent.I’vedreamed of making it to the top level of NASCAR driving.But I am also obviouslypursuing an education and developing JuliaLandauer Racing as a brand.If the drivingdoesn’t work out,I am going to do somethingin the industry.  — Ethan Kessinger  By NICOLE KOFMAN H idden away on the fourth floorof Margaret Jacks Hall is theStanford Literary Lab,fillednot with microscopes and Bun-sen burners but instead com-puters,whiteboards and a large table.In this laboratory,English professorFranco Moretti and English lecturer MattJockers collaborate with students to exam-ine and analyze literature using a techniquethat they call “distant reading”or “macro-analysis.”As opposed to “close reading”of a text,“distant reading”allows the Lit Lab re-searchers to analyze not just one or twobooks but thousands of them at a time.Thisexploratory project is made possible by avast reservoir of computing and library re-sources in addition to those working in theLab.The Lab evolved from a workshop thatJockers conducted in 2006 to a class hetaught in 2009 that was dedicated to thestudy of digital humanities and literature ina larger archive.“The course description said somethinglike:‘in this class we will have 1,200 assignednovels,but students won’t read any of them,’”Jockers said with a smile.“We didend up reading some of them but not in theway that you would traditionally read novelsin a literature class.”The class focused on computationally an-alyzing their archive of books,finding outwhether there is a “signal,”or a specific wordor phrase,in the books that reveals informa-tion about their genre.But when the quarter ended,studentshad become so invested in their projects thatthey wanted to continue their research.Thegroup formed an ad-hoc seminar thatevolved into the lab-like working environ-ment that exists today.In the spirit of the Lit Lab’s srcins,stu-dents contribute to a lot of the research.Onesuch individual is English graduate studentRyan Heuser M.A.’14 Ph.D.’14,a full-timestaff member working in the Lit Lab as a hu-manities research programmer.Heuser,who has been a part of the Lit Lab since itwas founded,has a clear idea of its purpose. Please see LIT LAB ,page 9  F RESHMAN ’15 I had huge plans for my Thanksgiv-ing break.After three weeks fullof group projects and research pa-pers,the break was supposed to be aperiod of almost-uninterrupted rest.I had an entire list of activitiesplanned,ranging from MTVmarathons to taking bubble baths togorging myself with apple pie.Ideal-ly,I’d spend the vast majority of mytime in fleece Hello Kitty pajamapants.At least,that’s what I intended todo.My plans were altered when mybest friend of eight years was abrupt-ly cut loose by her boyfriend.Hecited a “change of feelings”as thecause of their breakup.Like so many other college girls,my friend had become a victim of the“Turkey Dump”—defined byUrban Dictionary as an event inwhich “a student returning from col-lege breaks up with their significantother from high school,traditionallyduring Thanksgiving break.”This phenomenon has become socommon that there are dozens of websites devoted to the TurkeyDump.There are tips on how to tact-fully approach a breakup for thedumpers and online support groupsfor the dump-ees.There are even e-cards that you can use to break upwith your significant other if havingthe conversation in person is impos-sible or too awkward to bear.(Al-though if this is your situation,I sayyou at least owe your soon-to-be ex aphone call.Dumping someone viaemail makes you a bigger wimp thanthe Cowardly Lion—not to men-tion a total jerk.)But what makes Thanksgivingsuch a common time for breakups?Isn’t the holiday supposed to be atime to celebrate the Pilgrim’s ruth-less slaughter and conquest of theNative Americans? What aspect of such a merry holiday inspires thou-sands of college kids to begin flyingsolo?Well for one,it’s the first timemost freshmen return home afterstarting college.Many of these kidswere the ones who expected thatmaintaining a long-distance relation-ship to be easier than the girl who ac-cused Justin Bieber of being herbaby-daddy.But after nearly twomonths in college,some have begunto realize that they don’t really misstheir high school sweethearts.And who can blame them? Withall the exciting new adventures col-lege brings—from the insanity of events like Full Moon to the magicalawkwardness of dormcest—whowants to be tethered to a boyfriendor girlfriend hundreds or thousandsof miles away? Everyone knows oneperson who seemed to spend the ma- jority of freshman year video chat-ting with his girlfriend instead of ex-periencing everything college has tooffer,and few people describe thatguy as “fun.”Plus,aren’t adults always telling usthat college is supposed to be aboutself-discovery? How is a girl eversupposed to discover herself whenbeing a “girlfriend”has been such alarge portion of her identity for solong?The purpose of this column is notto say that all long-distance relation-ships are unhealthy or even thatthey’re all doomed to fail.But if call-ing your boyfriend fills your stomachwith more dread than your upcomingChem 31A midterm,maybe it’s timeto begin consider a belated TurkeyDump.But for Pete’s sake,pleasedon’t use the e-card.That’s just cruel. Let’s be clear.Bianca LOVES gettinge-cards (just not ones that featurebreakup news).Why not send some-thing nice to her at blchavez@stan- ford.edu? The Turkey Dump With all the excitingnew adventurescollege brings...whowants to be tetheredto a boyfriend orgirlfriend hundredsor thousandsofmiles away ? BiancaChavez T wo winter breaks ago,Iworked in a small running-shoe store in my little hometown of Gig Harbor,Wash.Snowhad gently started to fall,pepper-mint hot chocolate sales werebooming at the local Starbucks andChristmas lights were popping upall over nearby homes—so need-less to say,I was in a cheerful,fes-tive mood as I helped customers tryon shoes and choose the best spe-cialty flavor of holiday Clif Bar.One day that break,as I scannedthe bar code on some spiffy newshoes for a middle-aged blondwoman,I decided to take a chancewith my newfound customer-rela-tions skills.“Happy Holidays,”I saidwith a smile as I handed her a brand-new pair of Nikes.The look on herface—somewhere between RushLimbaugh talking about BarackObama and Jerry Falwell fulminat-ing against the War on Christianity—immediately made me realize I’dmade a horrible,horrible mistake.“Merry Christmas,”she sniffed backhaughtily as she stormed out,mak-ing me feel like some spectacularlyugly combination of the Grinch andEbenezer Scrooge.Reasoning that I did live,after all,in a primarily white,Christian,mid-dle-class town,I resolved to do bet-ter with the next customer,whoturned out to be an equally middle-aged brunette with a small child.“Merry Christmas!”I grinned as Ihanded her a new waterproof run-ning jacket.“Happy Holidays,”shesnapped back with a glare,looking atme as though I were some arrogant19th-century missionary hurling fireand brimstone from the pulpit.As the Christmas (or holiday,if you prefer) season approaches,I’vestarted thinking again about howtricky dealing with religion can be,both individually and as a society.Itis a subject that has divided personsof a liberal political persuasion,likemyself,into two main camps:thosebelieving that we ought to be freeto choose our own religion andthose believing that society oughtto be free from religion altogether.The latter view is appealing tothose among us who resent reli-gion’s irritating tendency to clashwith the most basic values of a freesociety.It is a view espoused elo-quently and forcefully by authorslike Jon Krakauer in “Under theBanner of Heaven,”Ayaan HirsiAli in her provocative and widelydebated “Infidel”and the inim-itable Christopher Hitchens in“God is not Great.”And it is a viewto which I’ve often found myself at-tracted.The illiberal,irrational,obscu-rantist side of organized religioncan be frustrating and even repre-hensible.It’s the side that inhibitsscientific progress by promoting“intelligent design”in the publicschools.It’s the side that causesMuslim and Jewish fundamental-ists to dig in their heels overJerusalem,preventing the estab-lishment of a just and lasting peace.It’s the side that prompted Islamistassassins to target British authorSalman Rushdie for death.It’s theside that leads FundamentalistMormons to take dozens of wives,forcing girls as young as 12 intomarriages with men four timestheir age.It’s the side that seems in-evitably to clash with basic Enlight-enment ideas:ideas about freespeech,women’s equality,scientificinquiry,human rationality andagency,individual freedom and in-dependent thought.And it’s theside that has sometimes led me tothink that the best society would bea society with no religion at all—asort of latter-day collective Templeof Reason.This is a view,it seems to me,thata fair number of Stanford studentshave quite understandably adopt-ed.Anti-religionism looks to bepopular across campus,from far-left liberals to far-right libertarians—and I don’t blame them.But there’s another option,andit’s the option I think the foundershad in mind when they drafted theConstitution.It’s a vision of inter-faith cooperation,rather than anti-faith agitation.It’s a vision that youcan see at work during the many in-terfaith services Stanford holds inMemorial Church each year,whereMuslims,Hindus,Baha’is,Chris-tians of all denominations,Jews andeven people of no faith at all cometogether to affirm common ground.And it’s a vision that I’m hopefulwill continue to grow and developin this nation of many faiths and be-liefs as we move forward together.I think we’re succeeding,if slow-ly and messily,in moving towardthat reality,and I hope we can con-tinue to negotiate with skillthrough the thorny First Amend-ment tangles of free exercise andnon-establishment.But most of all,I hope it won’tmatter whether I say “MerryChristmas”or “Happy Holidays”toyou this year.I promise I mean welleither way. Miles is sure of one thing—that he’dlove an email from you.Fulfill hisholiday wish by dropping him a lineat milesu1@stanford.edu. MilesUnterreiner 4 N Monday,November 28,2011  The Stanford Daily Unsigned editorials in the space above represent the views of the editorial board of TheStanford Daily and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the Daily staff.The editorial board consists of eight Stanford students led by a chairman and uninvolved in other sec-tions of the paper.Any signed columns in the editorial space represent the views of their au-thors and do not necessarily represent the views of the entire editorial board.To contact theeditorial board chair,e-mail editorial@stanforddaily.com.To submit an op-ed,limited to700 words,e-mail opinions@stanforddaily.com.To submit a letter to the editor,limited to 500 words,e-mail eic@stanforddaily.com.All are published at the discretion of the editor. O PINIONS E DITORIAL Stanford’sRhodes Scholars W hen it comes to presti-gious awards in highereducation,nothing quitemeasures up to a Rhodes Scholar-ship.This year,Stanford is luckyenough to boast a University-record five scholarship winners,more than any other university inthe nation this year.The students,Aysha Bagchi ’11,Anand Habib’11,Ishan Nath ’12,Kate Niehaus’10 M.S.’11 and Tenzin Seldon ’12,will receive three years of freestudy at Oxford University.(Nathis a current writer on The Daily’sEditorial Board,and Tenzin Sel-don serves as The Daily’s student-at-large.Neither student had anyinvolvement in the production of this editorial.) The scholars’ ac-complishments reflect primarilytheir own impressive faculties,yetit is important to remember thattheir success was contingent ontaking advantage of the opportuni-ties available to them—opportu-nities that Stanford assures areavailable to the rest of the studentbody as well.Bagchi,Habib,Niehaus,Nathand Seldon constitute nearly onesixth of the 32 Americans who re-ceive the award each year.To havea chance to win a Rhodes Scholar-ship,students must first submit anapplication and earn the endorse-ment of their universities,a stepcompleted by 830 students in theUnited States this year.Followingthis step,applicants undergo inter-views that help the Rhodes Trust toselect its final set of winners.Why should the vast majority of students,students who will neverwin a Rhodes scholarship,carewho wins the award? It is not theaward per se that most studentsshould aspire to,but rather the typeof accomplishment that the awardrecognizes.As Stanford’s ProvostJohn Etchemendy told the Stan-ford Report,the award winners “allexcel in areas of public service”and“are dedicating their academic ca-reers to disciplines and intereststhat will make a positive differencefor the world.”Moreover,otherstudents should realize they havethe same professors,study optionsand access to service and work op-portunities that are available to theRhodes scholars in their midst.Though Stanford studentsshare many common resources,there is no single or best path to thekind of academic career that canearn one a Rhodes Scholarship.The diversity of the award winnersvividly demonstrates the ability of a dedicated student to make his orher mark regardless of backgroundor field of study.Stanford’s winnershave received or will receive theirbachelor’s degrees in philosophyand history (Bagchi),biology(Habib),economics and earth sys-tems (Nath),biomedical engineer-ing (Niehaus) and comparativestudies in race and ethnicity (Sel-don).This year’s scholars all forgedtheir own path towards the award,pursuing their own deeply held in-terests.As an institution,Stanfordshould be very proud to host orhave hosted five of this year’sRhodes Scholars.What makes Stan-ford such a great place to study is thedegree to which it assembles high-achieving individuals in one placewhere they can encourage,chal-lenge and work with each other,aswell as the degree to which Stanfordaffords opportunities for serviceand edifying work off campus.Thepresence of so many Rhodes Schol-ars serves as an excellent proxy forthese effects and should be taken asaffirmation that Stanford continuesto function well. Managing Editors  The Stanford Daily Established 1892 A N I N D E P E N D E N T N E W S PA P E R  Incorporated 1973 Nate Adams Deputy Editor  Billy Gallagher & Margaret Rawson Managing Editors of News Miles Bennett-Smith Managing Editor of Sports Tyler Brown Managing Editor of Features Lauren Wilson Managing Editor of Intermission Mehmet Inonu Managing Editor of Photography Shane Savitsky Columns Editor  Stephanie Weber Head Copy Editor  Serenity Nguyen Head Graphics Editor  Alex Alifimoff  Web and Multimedia Editor  Zach Zimmerman,Vivian Wong,Billy Gallagher,Kate Abbott &Caroline Caselli Staff Development  Board of Directors Kathleen Chaykowski President and Editor in Chief  Anna Schuessler Chief Operating Officer  Sam Svoboda Vice President of Advertising Theodore L.GlasserMichael LondgrenRobert MichitarianNate AdamsTenzin SeldonRich Jaroslovsky Contacting The Daily :Section editors can be reached at (650) 721-5815 from 7 p.m.to 12 a.m.The Advertising Department can bereached at (650) 721-5803,and the Classified Advertising Department can be reached at (650) 721-5801 during normal business hours.Send letters to the editor to eic@stanforddaily.com,op-eds to editorial@stanforddaily.com and photos or videos to multimedia@stanforddaily.com.Op-eds are capped at 700 words and letters are capped at 500 words. Tonight’s Desk Editors Ellora Israni News Editor  Jacob Jaffe Sports Editor  Molly Vorwerck Features Editor  Wending Lu Photo Editor  Stephanie Weber Copy Editor  I D O C HOOSETO R  UN Religion: ‘Freedom of’ or ‘Freedom from’?
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