94. The A-Z of Gambling

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THE A-Z OF GAMBLING Introduction Some of the information in this section is repeated in other sections of the book as I have attempted to make the A-Z as comprehensive as possible and excluding the information seemed to defeat this purpose. Furthermore you will be better able to find the relevant information quickly. A Abbreviations ã ã ã ã ã ã ã ã ã ã ã ã ã ã ã ã ã ã ã ã ã ã A-T-C Any-to-come. A.W.T All-weather track. B.A.G.S Bookmakers’ Afternoon Greyhound Services Ltd. B.O.L.A Betting Office
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  1 THE A-Z OF GAMBLING Introduction Some of the information in this section is repeated in other sections of thebook as I have attempted to make the A-Z as comprehensive as possibleand excluding the information seemed to defeat this purpose. Furthermoreyou will be better able to find the relevant information quickly. A Abbreviations ã A-T-C Any-to-come. ã A.W.T All-weather track. ã B.A.G.S Bookmakers’ Afternoon Greyhound Services Ltd. ã B.O.L.A Betting Office Licensees Association. ã B.H.B British Horseracing Board. ã C.S.F Computer Straight Forecast. ã D/F Duel Forecast. ã D-S-A Double-stakes-about. ã ED Equally-divided. ã EW Each-way. ã FAV Favourite. ã F/C Forecast. ã FPP First past the post. ã L.B.O Licensed Betting Office. ã N.G.R.C National Greyhound Racing Club. ã N.S.L National Sporting League. ã R-T-C Round-the-clock. ã S.I.S Satellite Information Services Ltd. ã S.P Starting Price. ã S-S-A Single-stakes-about. ã T-T-C Through-the-card. ã W-F-A The weight-for-age scale. Acceptances At certain stages leading up to the day of a race, owners andtrainers must decide whether or not to leave their entries in the race. Theseare known as acceptance stages. Every race has one five days prior to therace and one on the day before the race.  2   Accumulator See Types of Bet . Across the Board Three equal bets to win, place and show on one horse. Across-the-Card A term denoting bets on races in different meetingstimed within 15 minutes of each other. Action Refers to the movement of a horse’s leg. Judging a horse’s actioncan provide valuable clues as to how it will perform on the going. If a horselifts it’s knees high it may be particularly suited to soft going. If a horse’sfoot scratches the surface of the ground it may not perform well on softground, instead preferring firm going. If a horse ‘loses its action’ the rhythmof the horse is disrupted. Added Money Money provided by the racecourse or other sponsorshipand added to the stakes money, which is raised through the entry fees. Age The official birth date of all horses born in the Northern hemisphere isJanuary 1 st . In the Southern hemisphere all horses have an official birthdate of August 1 st . A year later the horse becomes a yearling and thefollowing year it is classified as a two year old. A horse cannot race on theFlat until two years of age. A horse may run over hurdles at three and overfences at four. A two year old horse that races on the Flat is often called a juvenile and the same goes for horses running over hurdles at three andfences at four.Sometimes Flat horses are raced at five and six years old. Generallyhowever a Flat horse retires at the age of around four. The EnglishClassics such as the Derby or St Ledger are confined to three year olds.National Hunt horses retire at a much older age, often when they arearound twelve years old. It has been known to race a horse at the age ofeighteen. A National Hunt horse will often reach its peak between eight toten years of age.When a horse retires it will often be used as a stallion for breedingpurposes and can earn more money for the owner this way than throughprize money. As a result when a horse retires it may be just beyond or atit’s peak of running ability.  3 Aintree Well known racetrack and home to the Grand National. Allowance A deduction in weight for handicapped horses. Allowance Races A race for horses that are not eligible to be claimed. All Up to Win In horse races of five runners or less, the place portion of aneach-way bet goes on to win since there is no place betting returned insuch races. All-Weather All-Weather is a term referring to racing on synthetic surfaces.Because of the nature of the surface it can favour front runners (horseswhich can reach the front early, keep their lead and go on to win). ‘Comefrom behind’ horses have difficulty accelerating on sand so pace settershave a real advantage. There are two reasons for this. Sand provides lesstraction for coming off the pace and horses in the rear have to cope withkick back.   Remember - do not bet on a horse having it’s first run on sand. It also pays to follow jockeys and trainers who have a proven record on the surface  . Also Eligible An entered horse that will only run in a race if another horseis withdrawn. Also Ran Refers to any selection not finishing first, second, third, or fourthin a race. In other words it is a phrase signifying an unplaced runner. Amateur Jockeys See Jockeys . Ambiguous Selection When a bet comes to be settled it may be the casethat the instructions on the slip are in some way problematic. In this casethe betting slip becomes subject to the bookmaking firm’s rules. The bet willbe settled in accordance with these rules. One of the most commonproblems is when a selection or selections are not written down properlyand is capable of being read in more than one way. In such a situation ifthe selection contains parts of the names of two different horses or can beread in one of two different ways, generally the stake will be dividedbetween the horses in question. Simple misspelling or incorrect namingdoes not render a bet invalid. When a horse’s name is written downcorrectly but the time of the race or the number of the horse is not, then thebookmaker will go with the named selection. I will not go on about the  4 intricacies of the varying rules, instead I will stress that it is within a bettor’sinterest to write down all numbers and names as clearly andunambiguously as possible. Ante-Post Bets placed in advance of the event in question, either the daybefore or earlier. They provide excellent value providing that your selectionactually manages to start the contest.The advantage of ante-post betting is that generally you get better oddsthan you will just before the race. This however is not guaranteed since thehorse’s price may lengthen.Unfortunately, if your horse is withdrawn from the race you lose your stake.However, if your horse is withdrawn and the race is later abandoned youwill get your money back. Therefore, it is wise not to throw away yourbetting slip as soon as the horse is withdrawn.Sometimes bookmakers will offer ante-post odds ‘with a run’. With this bet,if your horse does not run you will receive your money back.The same horse cannot be selected to win more than one race in anaccumulative ante-post bet unless a special combined price is on offer.In each-way ante-post betting the place odds are those prevailing at thetime the bet was made. So if the number of runners is reduced to a numberfewer than the number normally qualifying for those place terms, the bet isno less valid.Bookmakers offer ante-post bets to attract business and free advertising.As a result they are prepared to cut profits to the bone. Apparently theymake little money on such bets. Therefore they are one of the best valuebets around.If you are making a long distance ante-post bet on a horse be careful if thehorse’s chance is likely to diminish by extremes of going. You cannot tell ifthe going on the day will be in your chosen horse’s favour.If the draw is likely to be a significant factor in the outcome, it is best toavoid any serious ante-post betting.
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