Draft Guidelines on Disaster Management

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Draft RADIO DIVISION ISSUE : XXX 2006 DRAFT GUIDELINES ON DISASTER MANAGEMENT (with reference to Telecommunications) No: SD/DMT-01/01.XXX 2006 © TEC TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING CENTRE KHURSHID LAL BHAVAN, JANPATH NEW DELHI-110001 INDIA All rights reserved and no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, scanning or otherwise without written permission from the Tel
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  Draft RADIO DIVISION ISSUE : XXX 2006 DRAFT GUIDELINES ONDISASTER MANAGEMENT  (with reference to Telecommunications) No: SD/DMT-01/01.XXX 2006 © TEC   TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING CENTREKHURSHID LAL BHAVAN, JANPATHNEW DELHI-110001INDIA All rights reserved and no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrievalsystem or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical,photocopying, recording, scanning or otherwise without written permission from theTelecommunication Engineering Centre New Delhi.  Draftii Abbreviations : APT Asia Pacific TelecommunityBS Base StationBSC Base Station ControllerBSNL Bharat Sanchar Nigam LimitedBTS Base Station TerminalDGM Deputy General ManagerDOT Department of TelecommunicationsETSI European Tecommunication Standardisastion InstituteGIS Geographical Information ServiceGM General ManagerGMPCS Global Mobile Personal Communication by SatelliteGSM Group Special MobileHAM Help All mankindISP Internet Service ProviderITU International Telecommunication UnionMHz Mega HertzMOU Memorandum of UnderstandingMSC Mobile Switching CentrePABX Private Automatic Branch ExchangesPCO Public Calling OfficePMRTS Public Mobile Radio Terminal ServicePSTN Public Switched Telephone Network SDCA Short Distance Charging AreaTAX Trunk Automatic ExchangeUHF Ultra High FrequencyVHF Very High FrequencyVSAT Very Small Aperture TerminalWLL Wireless in Local Loop  Draft1 Draft Guidelines on Disaster Management(With reference to Telecommunications)   CHAPTER 1 DISASTER : INTRODUCTION AND CLASSIFICATION 1.0   Background Indian sub-continent has experienced a number of natural disaster & calamities like earthquake, cyclone, flood, drought, famine, fire etc. causing loss of life, damage to property& disruption of essential services like failure of telecommunication, interruption inelectricity & water supply, disruption of transportation, loss in agriculture fields etc. Themaintenance of essential services such as telecommunication is required for overalldisaster management including search and rescue and thus Telecom services may betermed as the life-line of all such operations.As disaster may occur suddenly with or without warning, disaster prevention is betterthan disaster response because it will be difficult even for the best measures to replacedisaster preparedness, and even the highest level of preparedness will never cover allaspects of disaster response. 1.1 Scope This document deals with the telecommunication aspects of the Disaster Management,that include telecom equipment & services as well as telecom infrastructure such asTelecom equipment buildings and towers. It is understood that “disaster resistant”telecom infrastructure is a pre-requisite to withstand the effect of such disaster forproviding uninterrupted telecom services.The following factors, vital for the management of telecom services during disaster, areconsidered in the present Standard:(i) advance preparedness, availability of equipment, administrative actions, drill,preparedness of staff to spring into actions and coordination with other agenciesetc.;(ii) availability of redundancy in the communication network system so that if onenetwork fails, the alternate will be available;(iii)   role of wireless, satellite / radio connectivity with the key functionaries in theevent of disaster;(iv)   suitable resistant measures for the telecom infrastructure such as telecombuildings and towers, which include design as well as maintenance aspects.  Draft2   Further considering the prime importance of telecommunication during disaster, it isimperative that, as part of the disaster management plan itself, a mechanism for theperiodic review of all recommended measures shall be established and ResponsibleAuthority shall strictly monitor the compliance of the same. 1.2 Definitions For the purpose of the present document, the following definitions shall be applicable: Disaster: Disaster is a serious disruption of the functioning of society, posing asignificant, widespread threat to human life, health, property and/or the environment,whether caused by accident, nature or human activity and whether developing suddenlyor as a result of complex, long term processes.  Disaster mitigation: Disaster mitigation means measures designed to prevent, predict,prepare for , respond to, monitor and/ or mitigate the impact of disaster. Public Protection Communications: It is the Communications used by responsibleagencies and organizations dealing with maintenance of law and order, safety of life andproperty, and emergency situations. Disaster Relief Communications: It is the Communications used by agencies andorganizations dealing with a serious disruption of the functioning of society, posing asignificant, widespread threat to human life, health, property or the environment, whethercaused by accident, nature and human activity, and whether developing suddenly or asthe complex, long term processes. 1.3 Classification of Disaster  Indian Sub continent is highly vulnerable to natural disaster and calamities due to uniqueand widely varying geographical, and environmental conditions. It has witnessed anumber of disaster in the recent past, including Orissa Super Cyclone in 1999, Bhuj EarthQuake in 2001 and Tsunami in 2004, in which thousands of people lost their lives.Different types of disaster strike at different part of country with varying intensity.1.3.1 Whereas water, wind and environmental related disaster are fairly predictable inadvance, geological related disaster (viz. earthquake , tsunami etc.) and man madedisasters never come up with advance information. All such disaster disrupt theinfrastructure and as a result, the telecom services may be affected and in extreme cases,even may remain interrupted for a long time.The disaster, affecting telecommunication network, can be broadly divided into threecategories: ã   Wide spread disaster ã   Local disaster
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