Fifteen Decisive Battles of the World

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  The Fifteen Decisive Battles of the World1 The Fifteen Decisive Battles of the World The Fifteen Decisive Battles of the World  Author Edward Shepherd Creasy Country United Kingdom Language English Subject History Publication date 1851 Media type Paper The Fifteen Decisive Battles of the World: from Marathon to Waterloo is a book written by Sir Edward ShepherdCreasy and published in 1851. This book tells the story of the fifteen military engagements (from Marathon toWaterloo) which, according to the author, had a significant impact on world history. Chapters The Battle of GaugamelaThe Battle of Tours Each chapter of the book describes a different battle. The fifteenchapters are:1.The Battle of Marathon, 490 BC€Excerpt: Two thousand three hundred and forty years ago, acouncil of Athenian Officers was summoned on the slope of oneof the mountains that look over the plain of Marathon, on theeastern coast of Attica. The immediate subject of their meetingwas to consider whether they should give battle to an enemy that lay encamped on the shore beneath them; but on the result of their deliberations depended, not merely the fate of two armies,but the whole future progress of human civilization. 2.Defeat of the Athenians at Syracuse, 413 BC€Known as the Battle of Syracuse.€Excerpt:  Few cities have undergone more memorable siegesduring ancient and mediaeval times than has the city of Syracuse. 3.The Battle of Gaugamela, 331 BC€€Also called the Battle of Arbela.€Excerpt: ... the ancient Persian empire, which once subjugated all the nations of the earth, was defeated when Alexander had won his victory at Arbela. 4.The Battle of the Metaurus, 207 BC€Excerpt: That battle was the determining crisis of the contest, not merely between Rome and Carthage, but between the two great families of the world... 5.Victory of Arminius over the Roman Legions under Varus, AD 9  The Fifteen Decisive Battles of the World2 The Siege of OrlãansThe Spanish ArmadaThe Battle of Poltava €Known as the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest.€Excerpt: ..that victory secured at once and forever theindependence of the Teutonic race. 6.The Battle of Ch‚lons, AD 451€€Also called the Battle of the Catalaunian Fields or the Battle of the Catalun.€Excerpt: The victory which the Roman general, A€tius, with hisGothic allies, had then gained over the Huns, was the last victoryof imperial Rome. 7.The Battle of Tours, AD 732€€Also called the Battle of Poitiers.€Excerpt: the great victory won by Charles Martel ... gave adecisive check to the career of Arab conquest in Western Europe. 8.The Battle of Hastings, AD 1066€Excerpt: ..no one who appreciates the influence of England and her empire upon the destinies of the world will ever rank that victory as one of secondary importance. 9.Joan of Arc's Victory over the English at Orlãans, AD 1429€Known as the Siege of Orlãans.€Excerpt: ..the struggle by which the unconscious heroine of  France, in the beginning of the fifteenth century, rescued her country from becoming a second Ireland under the yoke of thetriumphant English. 10.Defeat of the Spanish Armada, AD 1588€Excerpt: The England of our own days is so strong, and theSpain of our own days is so feeble, that it is not easy, without some reflection and care, to comprehend the full extent of the peril which England then ran from the power and the ambition of Spain, or to appreciate the importance of that crisis in thehistory of the world. 11.The Battle of Blenheim, AD 1704€Excerpt:  Had it not been for Blenheim, all Europe might at thisday suffer under the effect of French conquests resembling thoseof Alexander in extent and those of the Romans in durability. 12.The Battle of Pultowa, AD 1709€€Also called the Battle of Poltava.€Excerpt: The decisive triumph of Russia over Sweden at Pultowawas therefore all-important to the world, on account of what it overthrew as well as for what it established  13.Victory of the Americans over Burgoyne at Saratoga, AD 1777€Excerpt: The ancient Roman boasted, with reason, of the growth of Rome from humble beginnings to thegreatest magnitude which the world had then ever witnessed. But the citizen of the United States is still more justly entitled to claim this praise.  The Fifteen Decisive Battles of the World3 The Battle of ValmyThe Battle of Waterloo 14.The Battle of Valmy, AD 1792€Excerpt: ..the kings of Europe, after the lapse of eighteencenturies, trembled once more before a conquering militaryrepublic. 15.The Battle of Waterloo, AD 1815€Excerpt: The exertions which the allied powers made at thiscrisis to grapple promptly with the French emperor have trulybeen termed gigantic, and never were Napoleon's genius and activity more signally displayed than in the celerity and skill bywhich he brought forward all the military resources of France... Derivative works Since the publication of Creasy's book, other historians have attemptedto modify or add to the list. The Battle of San Jacinto €In 1899 The Colonial Press published 'Decisive Battles of theWorld' by Edward Shepherd Creasy with a Special Introduction and Supplementary Chapters On the Battles of Gettysburg 1863, Sedan1870, Santiago and Manila 1898 , by John Gilmer Speed (RevisedEdition)€In 1908 Harper & Bros published an edition with eight battlesadded: Quebec, Yorktown, Vicksburg, Gettysburg, Sedan, ManilaBay, Santiago, and Tsushima.€In 1920 the Viscount D'Abernon published The Eighteenth Decisive Battle of the World: Warsaw, 1920 , in which he claimed that thenext battle on the list was the battle of Warsaw, fought in 1920 bythe Polish and Bolshevik forces during the Polish-Bolshevik War.€In 1930 Texas historian Clarence Wharton published San Jacinto: The Sixteenth Decisive Battle , in which hemade the case for adding the final battle of the Texas Revolution to Creasy's list. In 1936 the San JacintoMonument was given an inscription that echoed Wharton's view: Measured by its results, San Jacinto was one of the decisive battles of the world. The freedom of Texas from Mexico won here led to annexation and to the Mexican-American War, resulting in the acquisition by the United States of the states of Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, Nevada, California, Utah and parts of Colorado, Wyoming, Kansas and Oklahoma. Almost one-third of the present area of the American Nation, nearly a million square miles of territory, changed sovereignty.   €In 1954-1956, British historian J.F.C. Fuller published The Decisive Battles of the Western World and their  Influence upon History .€In 1956, historian and author Fletcher Pratt published The Battles that Changed History , stories of conflicts thatforever changed the course of world events. He listed 16 battles from Arbela to Midway.€In 1964, American historian Lt. Col. Joseph B. Mitchell published Twenty Decisive Battles of the World  , anupdate of Creasy's list with five additions:1.The Vicksburg Campaign, 1863. By capturing the Mississippi River during the American Civil War, theUnion separated the Confederacy into two halves.2.Battle of Sadowa, 1866. This Prussian victory over the Austrians during the Seven Weeks War paved the wayfor a German empire.  The Fifteen Decisive Battles of the World43.First Battle of the Marne, 1914. The British and French prevented a German assault of Paris and an earlyGerman victory in World War I.4.Battle of Midway, 1942. The beginning of the United States offensive in the Pacific Ocean during World WarII and the devastating loss of four Japanese aircraft carriers.5.Battle of Stalingrad, 1942-43. The defeat of the German attempt to conquer the Soviet Union and a significantloss of German resources in World War II.€In 1976, Noble Frankland and Christopher Dowling published  Decisive Battles of the Twentieth Century , whichlisted 23 battles, from the Battle of Tsushima to the Tet Offensive.€In 100 Decisive Battles: From Ancient Times to the Present (2001), Paul K. Davis listed battles from Megiddo toDesert Storm. In popular culture €Referring to Creasy's work in the Gilbert and Sullivan operetta The Pirates of Penzance , Major-General Stanleyboasts that he is able to quote the fights historical; from Marathon to Waterloo, in order categorical. External links € The Fifteen Decisive Battles of the World at Project Gutenberg€  Fifteen Decisive Battles of the World from Marathon to Waterloo according to Edward Shepherd Creasy , editedby P. Sandboge [1] References [1]http:/     /    www.   standin.   se/    fifteen.   htm
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