Important Features of Ornamntal Garden

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  IMPORTANT FEATURES OF ORNAMNTAL GARDEN S.ESWARA REDDY Lawn It forms the background colour in the garden picture against whichthe colour of the shrubberies and flower beds are brought into relief.Whether the garden is big or small, it should have a lawn. The beauty of a garden largely depends on the condition of the lawn. The lawn should be sown only to a single species of grass so as to give a uniform colour.Eg.: Cynodon dactylon , Zysoia japonica, Dichandra repens etc. Shrubberies and Shrub borders If the shrub plants are grown in a row and not trimmed, thefeatures is called as shrub border. Borders are planted with a mixture of different species of plants. The shrub borders are planted along the wallor in front of the fence or a tree and also to screen of untidy places. If number of shrubs is ground together but is not in a row, the feature isknown as shrubbery.Eg. Hibiscus rosasinensis,Acalypha spp.Cestrum nocturunm,Cestrum diumumPoinsetiia, PulcherrimaGardenia jasmenodles,Codeaum variegatum etc. Flowerbeds It is another important garden feature. These are also known as annualflowerbeds and they are generally planted with annuals or herbaceous perennials, which are treated as annuals. A flowerbed may be of anyshape preferably geometrical. They should be planted a song like speciesand variety so that each bed is of a single colour. A flower bed should be behind a lawn or at lease should have stripe of lawn in front of it. The   plants in a flowers bed should be close enough together so that the soilof the bed cannot be through the plants.Eg. Marigold, Zinnia, Gaillaridia, Phlox, Salvia, Celosia, Aster etc. Carpet beds Plants of different coloured foliage which can be clipped close to theground are chosen for planting in an intricate design on the ground. Suchfeature is known as carpet bed. Lettering with plants is also carpet bed.The design may be conventional, geometrical or a map or clock or asundial. Occasionally dwarf flowering plants may also be used for carpet bedding.Eg. Casuarina,Duranta repens,Murraya exotica,Polyalthia longifolia,Thuja oreitnal,Bougainvillea spp. etc. Fern house / Fernery / Conservatory Plants of the humid tropical, sub-tropical and temperature regions cannot be grown in the open in the plains exposed to glaring sun such shadeloving plants are grown in a structure called the fern house. It is usuallya roofed house supported by stone pillars or any other strong frame work and may be round, hexagonal, octagonal or rectangular tub isconstructed and is filled with water to as to increase humidity inside.This also facilitates watering of potted plants.The beauty of a fernary depends on the proper arrangements of the plants. Plants like ferns, begonia, anthuriums, caladiums, dieffenbachia,dracaena, palms etc are hung from the roof. On hills and in cooler climates special construction of glass are necessary to provide warmthfor the tropical and subtropical plants which can not be grown in theopen. These are mainly to protect the plants from frost. These glassstructures are called glass houses. Orchids    These are humid tropical and subtropical plants loving shade. These are becoming garden favorites because the flowers have gregarious colours.They often assume shapes of birds, moths, and butterflies. There are twotypes of orchids. Terrestrial orchids and epiphytic orchids are epiphyticorchids.Terrestrial orchids are those, which grown in soil. The epiphytic orchidsgrown on branches of trees having their roots exposed to air from whichthey absorb moisture. Most orchids develop pseudo bulbs and storageof water and food as a measure against drought. Eg. Dendrobium spp.Spider orchids, Chain Orchids, etc. Pot galleries Circular galleries constructed of masonry. On the steps of which potted plants are arranged. The height of each step and the pot on the lower stepshould be the same. The plants grown should be taller than height of thesteps so that the pots and the masonry structure are both hidden behindthe plants. The appearance of a mound of plants. Such gallery may beeither in the open or under the shade of a tree or in the fernery. On theopen galleries may be kept potted flowering plants and in the fern housemay be kept several shade loving plants. Lilly pool  Aquatic plants are grown in Lilly pool which may be dug in the groundas to look natural or may be constructed in cement of regular shape incement pools there should be an inlet at the bottom and an out let belowthe top of the pool so that a constant level of water is materials. Fishmay also be reared in these ponds to keep the water clean.Eg. Lotus, Pistia, Nymphea (water lilies), Eichornia crassipes (Water hyacinth). Rockery Planets grown in rockery situations are grown in the garden in rockery.The rockery is constructed by heaping up manure soil to a desired heightembedding rocks to it. The plants are kept in the crevices between therocks. It can be raised under a tree or separately. Generally both foliageand flowering succulents as well as xerophytes are grown on a rockery.  Eg. Opuntia, Borophytos,Sanseveria, Kalanchoe,Agave,Tradescantia,Pedilanthus,Coleus. Avenues trees and background trees  Trees form the tallest feature in the garden. They are plants at the periphery of the garden so that they don’t mask the other feature. Theseare planted in the garden as (1) avenue (2) as background and (3) assimple specimens,In formal gardens like the Moghul style ,they are planted at side of thecentral waterway as a sort of avenue. As background they may be insingle row or massed. Avenue trees are provided in large gardens and on both the side of wide public roads. Eg. Acasia,Albezzia lebbeck,Azadiracta indica,Bahunia purpurea,Spathodia companulata,Peltophorum ferrugenum,Cassia pistulaDalbergia sisso etc. Single specimen plants In an extensive lawn, the monotony of the lawn can be broken with thesingle beautiful tree without blocking the view of the other features beyond. Eg. Aurucaria cook,Ravenella madagaskarens is etc. th October 2011
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