Nazism and the rise of hitler

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1. WORLD WAR I The Great War, World War One, consisted of two stages: conventional warfare that lasted from 1914 to 1916, and a war of desperate expedients, when both…
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  • 1. WORLD WAR I The Great War, World War One, consisted of two stages: conventional warfare that lasted from 1914 to 1916, and a war of desperate expedients, when both sides struggled for their own existences, lasting until the end. The two sides of the war
  • 2. Though Germany turned out to be the Central Power most involved in the war, there is little or no evidence that the Germans had planned for war. There are several fundamental causes that had brought the world to the brink of war: nationalism, imperialist competition, militarism, and the build up of pre-war alliances. These growing
  • 3. IMPACT OF WORLD WAR I ON GERMANY Physical effects • Starvation • Disease • Farming disruption Germany 1914 Land taken from Germany Land under League of Nations control Demilitarised zone
  • 4. Psychological effects • The soldiers had to be called out of the battlefield when the Germans surrendered, so they were very bitter and angry, having had experience of war • This caused conflict among the German people because lots of people blamed the Government for making the truce and signing the Treaty
  • 5. WEIMAR REPUBLIC The Weimar Republic is the name given by historians to the federal republic and parliamentary repres entative democracy established in 1919 in Germany to replace the imperial form of
  • 6. THE GREAT DEPRESSION When the stock market collapsed on Wall Street on Tuesday, October 29, 1929, it sent financial markets worldwide into a tailspin with disastrous effects. The German economy was especially vulnerable since it was built upon foreign capital, mostly
  • 7. As production levels fell, German workers were laid off. Along with this, banks failed throughout Germany. Savings accounts, the result of years of hard work, were instantly wiped out. Inflation soon followed making it hard for families to purchase expensive necessities with devalued money.
  • 8. THE RISE OF HITLER In the good times before the Great Depression the Nazi Party experienced slow growth, barely reaching 100,000 members in a country of over sixty million. But the Party, despite its tiny size, was a tightly controlled, highly disciplined organization of fanatics poised to spring into action. Since the failed Beer Hall Putsch in 1923, Hitler had changed tactics and was for the most part playing by the
  • 9. Hitler had begun his career in politics as a street brawling revolutionary appealing to disgruntled World War I veterans predisposed to violence. By 1930 he was quite different, or so it seemed. Hitler counted among his supporters a number of German industrialists, and upper middle class socialites, a far cry from the semi-literate toughs he
  • 10. By mid-1930, amid the economic pressures of the Great Depression, the German democratic government was beginning to unravel. Gustav Stresemann, the outstanding German Foreign Minister, had died in October 1929, just before the Wall
  • 11. The crisis of the Great Depression brought disunity to the political parties in the Reichstag. Instead of forging an alliance to enact desperately need legislation, they broke up into squabbling, uncompromising groups. In March of 1930, Heinrich Bruening, a member of the Catholic Center Party, became Chancellor. Despite the overwhelming need for a
  • 12. To break the bitter stalemate, he went to President Hindenburg and asked the Old Gentleman to invoke Article 48 of the German constitution which gave emergency powers to the president to rule by decree. This provoked a huge outcry from the opposition, demanding
  • 13. As a measure of last resort, Bruening asked Hindenburg in July 1930 to dissolve the Reichstag according to parliamentary rules and call for new elections. The elections were set for September 14th. Hitler and the Nazis sprang into action. Their time for campaigning had arrived.
  • 14. RECONSTRUCTION Reconstruction of Germany under Hitler: • Hitler made economist Hjalmar Schacht work for the economic recovery. He aimed at full production and full employment through a state-funded workcreation programe. • 1933: Hitler pulled out of the League of Nations. • 1936: Reoccupied the Rhineland.
  • 15. • Accumulation of resources was carried out through expansion policies in order to prevent economic crisis. • 1939: Germany invaded Poland which instigated France and England. • September, 1940: A Tripartite Pact was signed between Germany, Italy and Japan.
  • 16. NAZI WORLDVIEW Nazi policies included "Lebensmum", or view that German speaking people needed more living space (thus, justifying their thirst for conquest of neighboring lands). Also, Aryanism was practiced, with the central belief being that blueeyed, blonde-haired, fair-skinned northern European Christians were to be prized above all others.
  • 17. THE HOLOCAUST The Holocaust also known as the Shoahwas the mass murder or genocide of approximately six million European Jews during World War II, a programme of systematic state-sponsored murder by Germany, led by Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party, throughout Germanoccupied territory. Of the nine million Jews who had resided in
  • 18. A few scholars would argue the mass murders of the Romani and people with disabilities should be included in the definition, and some use the common noun "holocaust" to describe other Nazi mass murders, for example Soviet prisoners of war, Polish and Soviet civilians, and homosexuals. Recent estimates based on figures obtained since the
  • 19. The persecution and genocide were carried out in stages. Various laws to remove the Jews from civil society, most prominently the Nuremberg Laws, were enacted in Germany years before the outbreak of World War II. Concentration camps were established in which inmates were subjected to slave labor until they died of exhaustion or disease. Where Germany conquered new territory in eastern Europe, specialized units called Einsatzgruppen murdered Jews and political opponents in mass shootings. The occupiers required Jews and Romani to be
  • 21. GHETTOS
  • 22. HITLER YOUTH The Hitler Youth (German: HitlerJugend, abbreviated HJ) was a paramilitary organization of the Nazi Party. It existed from 1922 to 1945. The HJ was the second oldest paramilitary Nazi group, founded one year after its adult counterpart, the
  • 23. The HJ were viewed as future "Aryan supermen" and were indoctrinated in anti-Semitism. One aim was to instill the motivation that would enable HJ members, as soldiers, to fight faithfully for theThird Reich. The HJ put more emphasis on physical and military training than on academic study. The Nationalsozialistischer Reichsbund für Leibesübungen
  • 24. After the boy scout movement was banned through German-controlled countries, the HJ appropriated many of its activities, though changed in content and intention. For example, many HJ activities closely resembled military training, with weapons training, assault course circuits and basic tactics. Some cruelty by the older boys toward the younger ones was
  • 26. WOMEN IN NAZI GERMANY Many social programs were implemented by Hitler to encourage the growth of a strong German Nazi Volk. One such program was to advocate the virtues of motherhood. This program included a gigantic Nazi propaganda campaign to urge women to increase the size
  • 27. The cross of Honor of the German Mother was created in three classes with the criteria as follows: Bronze 3rd Class Mother 's Nazi Cross - A bronze Christian Cross normally worn about the neck suspended by a 10mm blue ribbon with two white stripes at each edge. A round shield was
  • 28. Behind the shield and between the arms of the cross was a projection of rays. The arms of the cross were blue enamel with white enamel edges. The reverse was plain save for the date '16 Dezember 1938 ' followed by a facsimile of Hitler 's signature. From 16th December 1938, when the decoration was first
  • 29. Why this change on the reverse of the cross was brought about is not known. The manufactures logo was sometimes found on the back as well. This award was normally presented in a blue envelope bearing the title of the award on the front. The
  • 30. Silver 2nd Class Mother 's Nazi Cross similar to the 3rd class Mother 's Nazi Cross except that the metal parts were finished in silver. It was presented for bearing 6 to 7 children. Gold 1st Class Mother 's Nazi Cross again similar to the 3rd class except all the metal parts were finished in Gold and also it was presented in a hard presentation case that consisted of a hinged and compartmentalized box. The
  • 31. When the award was first instituted approximately 3 million women qualified for one of these awards. Only families of German origin qualified. Females from Danzig, Austria and the Sudetenland were eligible when these teritories were absorbed into the Greater German Reich.
  • 32. NAZI PROPAGANDA Propaganda, the coordinated attempt to influence public opinion through the use of media, was skillfully used by the NSDAP in the years leading up to and during Adolf Hitler's leadership of Germany (1933–1945). National Socialist propaganda provided a crucial instrument for acquiring
  • 33. The pervasive use of propaganda by the Nazis is largely responsible for the word "propaganda" itself acquiring its present negative connotations.[ Dr. Joseph Goebbels, head of Germany's Ministry of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda. His masterful use of propaganda
  • 34. Nazi propaganda promoted Nazi ideology by demonizing the enemies of the Nazi Party, especially Jews and communists, but also capitalists and intellectuals. It promoted the values asserted by the Nazis, including heroic death, Führerprinzip (leader principle), Volksgemeinschaft (people's community), Blut und Boden (blood
  • 35. After the outbreak of World War II, Nazi propaganda vilified Germany's enemies, notably the United Kingdom, the Soviet Union and the United States, and exhorted the population to partake in total war.
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