Soal English Olympiad SMA 2017

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Soal English Olympiad SMA 2017
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    LEMBAR SOAL SMA National English Olympiad VI   PDIM UB 2017 1 National English Olympiad SMA 2017   Tes terdiri dari dua bagian. Bagian pertama terdiri dari 48 soal pilihan ganda dan bagian kedua terdiri dari 2 soal essay. 2. Waktu yang disediakan untuk menyelesaikan semua soal adalah 120 menit. 3. Tuliskan nama, kelas dan asal sekolah Anda di sebelah kanan atas pada lembar jawaban. 4. Untuk soal bagian pertama : a) Masing-masing soal bagian pertama bernilai 1,5 (satu setengah) poin. b) Pilihlah satu jawaban yang paling tepat 5. Untuk soal bagian kedua : a) Masing-masing soal bagian kedua bernilai 14 (empat belas) poin. b) Anda diminta menulis tentang topik yang ditetapkan 6. Tuliskan jawaban menggunakan ballpoint, bukan pensil. 7. Tidak diperkenankan menggunakan kamus, catatan dan alat bantu A. MULTIPLE CHOICES Directions: Read the passages below thoroughly and answer the questions correctly!    Text 1 (Questions 1-4) Did you ride your bike to school when you were a kid, A generation ago most kids rode, walked or caught the bus to school; very few of us were dropped off by our parents at the school gate. These days most of us have experienced the daily traffic jams around schools at drop-off and pick-up times, as parents drive their children to the school gate. While there is no national data on the number of children who walk or ride to school, a recent Victorian survey found nearly half of all children are driven to school every day. Parents choose to drop their kids at school for a number of reasons mostly to do with safety and convenience. But experts say chauffeuring your kids to school every day could mean they arc missing out on much-needed exercise and other life skills. Research suggests at least a third of Australian children aged 9-16 years are not getting the amount of daily physical activity recommended in national guidelines. But this is not because children's  participation in leisure or sporting activities has dropped off, says Dr Jan Garrard. Participation in these activities has not altered much over the years, Garrard says but what has changed is the level of incidental activity children do. When you look at countries where children are just active as part of everyday life, they do not have to be sporty. All they have to do is to get around the way the Community gets around by walking and cycling, and they get enough physical activity, she says. 1.   The author develop some ideas in paragraph 2 by ... A.   descr  ibing parents’ chauffeuring fol lowed by its effect B.   explaining reason for chauffeuring and their advantages C.   discussing the function of chauffeuring and the impact D.   arguing for chauffeuring practice for children’s safety E.   exposing how parent chauffer and its drawbacks PETUNJUK UNTUK PESERTA BAGIAN PERTAMA : SOAL PILIHAN BERGANDA    LEMBAR SOAL SMA National English Olympiad VI   PDIM UB 2017 2 National English Olympiad SMA 2017    2.   By writing the sentence “… chauffeuring your kids to school every day could mean they are missing out on much-needed exercise and o ther life skills.” (paragraph 2 ), the author implies that …. A.   taking kids to school makes them deprived individuals when they grow up B.   kids given a lift to school likely lose vital social and physical advantages C.   schooling means not only learning in classes but also socializing with others D.    parents spoil their kids’ future social and physical life by giving them a lift E.   when a child needs physical and social training, parent should facilitate them 3.   Dr. Garrard’s statement “… where children are just active as part of everyday life, they do not have to be sporty… “  (paragraph 3) may be best restated that .... A.   children who are active do not automatically mean they will be good at sport B.    being muscular should not be the aim of children who are naturally active C.   children’s physical fitness is not closely relates with their daily activities D.   activeness in children does not mean to make these children physically fit E.   when naturally active, children need no more scheduled sport activities 4.   The pat following the passage above most l ikely contains information on ….  A.   advice to parents for their children to have enough physical activities B.   the decreasing trend of children to do physical activities at their will C.    parental motives behind chauffeuring their children to school D.   reasons for children not to do fun and incidental activities E.   effects of having children not to be given a lift to school    Text 2 (Questions 5-17) Hot boning is an energy-saving technique for the meat processing industry. It has received significant attention in recent years when increased pressure  for energy conservation has accentuated  the need for more efficient methods of processing the bovine  carcass. Cooling an entire carcass  requires a considerable  amount of refrigerated space, since bone and trimmable  fat are cooled along with muscle. It is also necessary to space the carcasses adequately in the refrigerated room for better air movement and prevention of microbial contamination, thus adding to the volume requirements for carcass  chillers. Conventional handling of meat involves holding the beef sides in the cooler for 24 to 36 hours before  boning. Chilling in the traditional fashion is also associated with a loss of carcass weight ranging from 2 percent to 4 percent due to evaporation of moisture the meat tissue. Early excision , or hot boning, of muscle prerigor followed by vacuum packaging has several  potential advantages. By removing only the edible muscle and fat prerigor, refrigeration space and cost are minimized, boning labor is decreased, and storage yields increased. Because hot boning often result in the toughening of meat, a more recent approach, hot boning following electrical stimulation, has been used to reduce the necessary time of rigor mortis. Some researchers have found this  method beneficial in maintaining tender meat, while others have found that the meat also becomes tough after electrical stimulation. 5.   The word accentuated  in the line 2 is closest in meaning to….  A.   deemphasized B.   speeded up C.   caused D.   reduced E.   highlighted    LEMBAR SOAL SMA National English Olympiad VI   PDIM UB 2017 3 National English Olympiad SMA 2017    6.   All of the following are mentioned as drawbacks of the conventional method of boning EXCEPT ….  A.   storage space requirements B.   energy waste C.   loss of carcass weight D.   toughness of meat E.   source of energy 7.   In the line 2, the word pressure  is closest in meaning to ….  A.   urgency B.   weight C.   flavor D.   cooking texture E.   height 8.   Hot boning is becoming very popular because ….  A.   it causes meat to be very tender B.   it helps conserve energy and is less expensive than conventional methods C.   meat tastes better when the bone is adequately seared along with the meat D.   it reduces the weight of the carcass E.   it increases the smell of the meat 9.   In the line 7, carcass  is nearest in meaning to ….  A.   a refrigerator for the animal body B.   a method of boning meat C.   electrical stimulation of beef D.   early excision E.   a procedure of boning meat 10.   In the line 11, early excision  is closest in meaning to ….  A.   vacuum packaging B.   hot boning C.   carcass chilling D.   electrical stimulation E.    boning meat 11.   The toughening of meat during hot boning has been combatted by ….  A.   following hot boning with electrical stimulation B.   tenderizing the meat C.   using electrical stimulation before hot boning D.   removing only the edible muscle and fat prerigor E.   refrigeration space and cost are minimized 12.   The word bovine  in line 3 is nearest in meaning to ….  A.   cold B.   sheep C.   electrically stimulated D.    pork E.    beef 13.   The word this  in line 16 refers to ….  A.   hot boning B.   hot boning following electrical stimulation C.   rigor mortis    LEMBAR SOAL SMA National English Olympiad VI   PDIM UB 2017 4 National English Olympiad SMA 2017    D.   removing edible muscle and fat prerigor E.   tender meat 14.   In line 3, the word carcass  is closest in meaning to ….  A.   deboned meat B.    body C.   refrigerator D.   fat E.   weight 15.   The word considerable  in line 4 is closest in meaning to ….  A.   frigid B.   kind C.   lesser D.   substantial E.   fewer 16.   One reason it is recommended to remove bones before refrigerating is that ….  A.   it makes the meat more tender B.   the bones are able to be used for other purposes C.   it increases chilling time D.   it saves cooling space by not refrigerating parts that will be discarded E.   it makes the meat more hotter 17.   The word “ trimmable ”  in line 4 is nearest in meaning to A.   unsaturated B.   removable C.   unhealthy D.   chillable E.   unpredictable    Text 2 (Questions 18-27) After 1785, the production of children's books in the United States increased but remained largely reprints of British books, often those published by John Newbery, the first publisher to produce books aimed primarily at diverting a child audience. Ultimately, however, it was not the cheerful, commercial-minded Newbery, but Anglo-Irish author Maria Edgeworth who had the strongest influence on this period of American children's literature. The eighteenth century had seen a gradual shift away from the spiritual intensity of earlier American religious writings for children, toward a more generalized moralism. Newbery notwithstanding , Americans still looked on children's books as vehicles for instruction, not amusement, though they  would accept a moderate amount of fictional entertainment for the sake of more successful instruction. As the children's book market expanded, then, what both public and publishers wanted was the kind of fiction Maria Edgeworth wrote: stories interesting enough to attract children and morally instructive enough to allay  adult distrust of fiction. American reaction against imported books for children set in after the War of 1812 with the British. A wave of nationalism permeated  everything, and the self-conscious new nation found foreign writings (particularly those from the British monarchy) unsuitable for the children of a democratic republic, a slate of self-governing, equal citizens. Publishers of children's books began to encourage American writers to write for American children. When they responded, the pattern established by Maria Edgeworth was at hand, attractive to most of them for both its rationalism and its high moral tone. Early in the 1820's, stories of willful children learning to obey, of careless children learning to take care, of selfish children learning to tire for others, started to flow from American presses, successfully achieving Edgeworth's tone, though rarely her lively style. Imitative as they were, these early American stories were quite distinguishable from their British counterparts. Few servants
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