The Dreyfus Affair and the Path to World War I

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The Dreyfus Affair was the hoax spying scandal that was designed to put an end to the alliance between Germany and France and to provoke World War I.
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  The New Federalist March 10, 1989 Page 5 American Almanac The Dreyfus Affair And the Path To World War I by D. Scanlon and J. Cheminade  EIRNS  Left, U.S. economist and Democratic Party leader Lyndon Laouche is led from the Ale!andria, ir#inia courthouse, follo$in# his January %& sentenc'in# to fifteen years in (rison. i#ht, nineteenth'century de(iction of the stri((in# of )rench Army Ca(tain Alfred Dreyfus*s ran+ of honor, follo$in# his -/ court martial con0iction for s(yin#. In the year 1894, a French captain of the ewish faith na!ed lfred #reyf$s was tried %y a !ilitary co$rt, fo$nd g$ilty of treasono$s spying for &er!any, and sentenced to life i!prison!ent on the penal colony hellhole 'nown as #e(il)s Island* This gross !iscarriage of +$stice had shattering i!plications for French political sta%ility, law, and foreign relations* ad the #reyf$s ffair not ta'en place, it is at least concei(a%le that -orld -ar I !ight ne(er ha(e occ$rred* Th$s, this scandal and trial $nleashed a process leading ine.ora%ly to one of the worst and !ost %loody carnages in !odern history*/i'e the recent trial of /yndon /ao$che and his associates, the #reyf$s trial did not occ$r in a (ac$$!* It, too, was politically !oti(ated, with the difference that aptain #reyf$s was not selected for persec$tion %eca$se of  his political acti(ities, as in the /ao$che case, %$t rather %eca$se his religion !ade hi! a con(enient and accepta%le scapegoat for the French !ilitary chief of staff, and !ost i!portantly, the French press*2$t aptain #reyf$s was also selected as the target %eca$se his scapegoating  pro(ided the opport$nity for cr$shing France)s e!erging alliance with &er3!any against the !onetarist and i!perialist powers centered in the ity of /ondon* ne of the do!inant financial oligarchies of the day was the othschild fa!ilywho!, we shall see, had a%sol$tely no co!p$nctions a%o$t pro!oting anti36e!itis! and racis! on a (ast scale, when it s$ited their interests to do so* The Strate#ic 1ac+dro( France, d$ring the twenty years prior to the #reyf$s ffair, was do!inated  %y a national o%session which sprang fro! its defeat in the Franco3Pr$ssian -ar in 1870* This defeat was not only a h$!iliating %low to France)s honor, it res$lted in the loss of i!portant territory, na!ely the lsace3/orraine region in eastern France* The entire co$ntry was (owed to re(engela re(anche as it was called* France !$st reco(er this loss of territory, no !atter what the cost* This, of co$rse, s$ited i!perialist 2ritain +$st fine* The !ore France was at logger3heads with &er!any, the less &reat 2ritain wo$ld ha(e to fear a%o$t France)s ri(alry in frica, sia, and the rient*2$t there were in France a handf$l of rep$%lican political fig$res and states3!en who were not %lind to the fact that the Franco3&er!an ri(alry was  %eing e.ploited to the hilt* The leading (oice of that faction %elonged to &a%riel anota$., who was foreign affairs !inister fro! 1894 to 1898* anota$., who had e.tensi(ely st$died the great nation3%$ilding achie(e3!ents of France)s ardinal ichelie$ d$ring the se(enteenth cent$ry, had $ietly set a%o$t the tas' of ta'ing on the 2ritish :!pire and challenging its racialist dog!as* In star' contrast to 2ritish law, anota$. wrote that the colonies are an integral part of the ep$%lic and are s$%+ect to the sa!e constit$tional law*Inside France, a propaganda war was %eing waged in fa(or of the 2ritish racist policy* The propaganda war was srcinally set off %y the 1881 p$%li3cation %y a!es othschild of &$sta(e /e 2on)s Na;i3li'e ra(ings contrast3ing pri!iti(e to s$perior %eings* /e 2on de!anded that the process of assi!ilation %e a%andoned<  ll o$r ideas a%o$t assi!ilating or Frenchi3fying any inferior people are dangero$s chi!eras*  /e 2on and his othschild patrons, +$st li'e the 2ritish, wanted raw loot, and nothing %$t the loot* anota$. co$ntered<  colony is not a far! gi(en to the !other co$ntry for e.ploitation, which has no (al$e $nless it earns a rent %y the end of each year*anota$. also so$ght to ease tensions with &er!any, in order to a(oid what was rapidly %eco!ing a co!plete consolidation of 2ritish i!perialist strength across the frican continent* In the change of cli!ate afforded %y the 1890 resignation of hancellor 2is!arc', anota$. was a%le to !a'e so!e headway* 2y early 189=, the &er!an foreign secretary spo'e to the French a!%assador in 2erlin a%o$t li!iting the insatia%le appetite of :ngland* * * * It is necessary to show :ngland that she can no longer ta'e ad(antage of the Franco3&er!an antagonis! to sei;e whate(er she wants*It was in the !idst of a strategic crisis %ro$ght a%o$t %y 2ritain)s sei;$re of the French3%$ilt 6$e; anal in :gypt, that the #reyf$s ffair was $nleashed* f anota$.)s anti32ritish diplo!acy of the day, /ord 6alis%$ry wo$ld write< It is (ery diffic$lt to pre(ent oneself fro! wishing for another Franco3&er!an war to p$t a stop to this (e.ation*-hen the first r$!ors of an in(estigation into a spy affair and a possi%le  prosec$tion of aptain #reyf$s for spying for &er!any !ade their way into the cha!%ers of the o$ncil of Ministers, anota$. inter(ened* If this s$spicio$s affair of in(estigating, !$ch less prosec$ting, an officer on the  %asis of the fli!siest of e(idence were p$rs$ed, he warned, it wo$ld  pro(o'e the gra(est of international diffic$lties, a diplo!atic r$pt$re with &er!any, e(en war* is ad(ice was not heeded, and what happened is this* s the historical record now shows, the act$al perpetrator of the treasono$s acts for which #reyf$s was $n+$stly con(icted, was o$nt Ferdinand -alsin3:sterha;y, a g$tter3le(el aristocrat who also happened to %e a paid othschild agent* :sterha;y, as the record also shows, was an inti!ate colla%orator of one of the !ost notorio$s anti36e!ites of the day< the editor of the es$it3financed scandal sheet  La Libre Parole, :do$ard #r$!ont* These two sco$ndrels conspired in 189> to stage a d$el %etween each other  e(en tho$gh e(eryone 'new they were the %est of friends* This set the stage for :sterha;y to %eco!e s$%sidi;ed directly %y the othschild fa!ily, for his p$rported co$rageo$s ser(ice in defense of France)s ews against #r$!ont)s filthy (eno!?  It was :sterha;y who wrote letters to the &er!an !ilitary attache in Paris, olonel @on 6chwar;'oppen, see'ing to pro(ide his ser(ices in e.change for !oney* This e(ent$ally consisted in pro(iding low3grade, %$t $sef$l !ilitary secrets* AIn the f$t$re, their correspondence wo$ld refer to their !$t$al relations with the o$se of *Banota$.)s inter(ention in the o$ncil of Ministers res$lted in his sec$ring an agree!ent that while in(estigations !ight contin$e into what was already called the #reyf$s case, nothing wo$ld %e !ade p$%lic* aptain #reyf$s was ta'en into c$stody, where he was interrogated and as'ed to pro(ide do;ens of handwriting sa!ples, none of which !atched the handwriting on the intercepted %orderea$, the doc$!ent addressed to the &er!an !ilitary attache which listed the classified doc$!ents %eing enclosed*:nter Ma+or $%ert enry, a !e!%er of the French general staff assigned to find the spy and a close friend of o$nt :sterha;y* AIt was to %e Ma+or enry who s$pplied the forgeries incri!inating #reyf$s*B Ma+or enry heard of this decision not to proceed, and on cto%er C8, 1894, lea'ed news of the scandal to :do$ard #r$!ont)s  La Libre Parole: They want to $ash the case against the ew, screa!ed the headlines the ne.t day* The other anti3&er!an re(anchist press +$!ped into the act* The go(ern!ent then decided to p$t aptain #reyf$s on trial for treason*#reyf$s was speedily con(icted %y a !ilitary tri%$nal* Ma+or enry forged an entire dossier of e(idence which was gi(en secretly to the +$ry +$st  %efore it retired for deli%erations the defense was not allowed to see these doc$!ents, for they were classified as state secrets* aptain #reyf$s was stripped of his ran' in a h$!iliating p$%lic cere!ony, and shipped off to #e(il)s Island for a life sentence* No acco$nt of the #reyf$s ffair wo$ld %e co!plete witho$t a closer re(iew of the shoc'ing conditions which pre(ailed in the co$rtroo! d$ring lfred #reyf$s)s trial*#reyf$s)s co$rt !artial lasted a !ere three days, fro! #ece!%er 19 to #e3ce!%er C>* The defense was not prepared* The only so3called proof pro(id3ed %y the prosec$tion, was the clai! that #reyf$s)s handwriting rese!%led that fo$nd in the doc$!ents sei;ed en ro$te to the &er!ans* Nothing else was fo$nd* f the fi(e e.pert graphologists called as witnesses, two con3cl$ded that the #reyf$s handwriting did not !atch that in the doc$!ents*
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