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Word classes/part of speech - verb (be, drive) – words that describe actions, state or experience - noun (brother, car) – word classes that denote people, things, activity or idea === common nouns (opće chair, table) i proper nouns (glasovne? Mirela, croatia) -pronoun (i, me, them, it, my) – word classes that supstitute for a noun -adjective (big, tidy, happy, talented) – words that describe nouns, pronouns and the whole sentence - adverb (happily, recently, soon, then, there) – words that descr
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  Word classes/part of speech -   verb (be, drive)  – words that describe actions, state or experience- noun (brother, car)  – word classes that denote people, things, activity or idea === common nouns (opće> chair, table) i proper nouns (glasovne? Mirela, croatia)- pronoun (i, me, them, it, my)  – word classes that supstitute for a noun- adjective (big, tidy, happy, talented)  – words that describe nouns, pronouns and the wholesentence- adverb (happily, recently, soon, then, there)  – words that describe verbs, adjectives, actions- preposition (on, in, under, at, of, with)  – used in fronf of nouns/pronouns to express connetionswith another word- conjuction (and, because, but, if, or)  – word classes that connect sentences, clauses    De or note  –   označavati   dictionari entry (rječnička natuknica)   - consist of a word, different information about the words, pronounciation (in american and britishenglish), meaning (S), multiple meaning, word class. , countable or uncountable (C or U?),collocation, examples how to use the word in a senctenceUncountable na engleskom ali na hrvatskom countable : homework, information, advice Clauses and sentences Clause  – a group of words that contains a subject and a predicate(group of related words.Independant, dependant clause / sentence Paragraphs- a group of sententences about a certain topic3 main parts : 1. Topic sentence 2. Supporting sentences 2. Final / concluding sentenceParagraph PURPOSE : 1. Describe. 2. Give information 3. Give example 4. Show knowledge 4. Give anopinion 6. Describe a process 7. Tell a story Rephrasing  it allows you to express ideas in different waysswitch the order of the words, use synonims, passive voice? Mr. Jones has sold the grocery. I used to go shopping there.Mr. Jones has sold the grocery where I used to go shopping. If I were you I would tell them the truth.You ought to tell them the truth.I don't think Susan stole the money. It's impossible.Susan can't have stolen the money.A group of US researchers has carried out trials on a new vaccine.A group of US scientirst have conducted tests on a new vaccine.Some of the patients at an advanced stage of the disease were cured.Some of the patients at an advanced stage of the disease were cured. Passive voice Passive voice is used when the focus is on the action. It is not important or not known,however, who or what is performingSubject + finite form of to be + Past Participle the action.Example: My bike was stolen. Survey, skim, scan Survey  –  take a look to decide whether it's useful or notSkimming is looking quickly through a text to gain a general impression of what it is abouWhen you scan a text you are looking through it quickly to find key words or information(specific informations) 6. multiple meaning  Collocations TWO or more words that often go together andMake / take notes.... sit an exaaam, source of informationVast majority, inflated prices, compulsory education, face a problem, overcome problems,establish a commision, hold a meeting, meet the requiarments, host thee Olympic Games,Inagaurate a bridge, exploit employees  Adverb + Adjective : completely satisfied (NOT downright satisfied)Utterly stupid, fully aware, richly decorated  Adjective + Noun : excruciating pain (NOT excruciating joy)Regular exercise, a lihght snowfall, urban planningNoun + Noun: a surge of anger (NOT a rush of anger)Round of applause, bars of soap Noun + Verb : lions roar (NOT lions shout)Bomb went off, fly a kite Verb + Noun : commit suicide (NOT undertake suicide)Comit murder, Do homework, give presentation, do research Verb + Expression With Preposition : burst into tears (NOT blow up in tears) Verb + Adverb : wave frantically (NOT wave feverishly)Place gently, whisper softly, remember vaguely, boldly go Hold make do adress a conversation an appointment business a problema toast a bath gooda party the bed an operationa meeting a bid the disheshold a (simmilar view) a complaint do homeworkhold your breath decision a research    Cohesion Cohesion is the grammatical and lexical relationship within a text or sentence. Cohesion can bedefined as the links that hold a text together and give it meaning. It is related to the broader conceptof coherence Cohesive devices 1. connectives 2. Repeat the key word 3. Rephrase the keyword 4. Backward, forwardreference5.Question?  Connectives 3 main types :1. and  – adding ideas together2. or  – alternative proposals3. but  – used to refer to the opposite Connectives of result  – AND SO, THEREFORE, FURTHERMORE, ACCORDINGLY, CONSEQUENTLY, HENCE, THUS, AS A RESULT, ASFOR, Connectives of reformulations  – OR TO PUT IT MORE SIMPLY, IT WOULD BE BETTER, IN OTHER WORDS Connectives of concession  – BUT ON THE OTHER HAND, HOWEVER, IN SPITE OF THAT, NEVERTHELESS, NONETHELESS, YET Introductions and conclusion Introductions :
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