FM 3-22.20 Fizicko

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FM 3-22.20 DRAFT TABLE OF CONTENTS As of 04 FEB 02 PART ONE - ARMY PHYSICAL READINESS TRAINING PHILOSOPHY Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 The Army’s Approach to Physical Readiness Training The Army Physical Readiness Training System Army Physical Readiness Training Leadership PART TWO - ARMY PHYSICAL READINESS TRAINING STRATEGY Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6 Chapter 7 Chapter 8 Army Physical Readiness Training Programs Army Physical Readiness Planning Army Physical Readiness Training Execution Re
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  FM 3-22.20 DRAFT TABLE OF CONTENTS As of 04 FEB 02 PART ONE - ARMY PHYSICAL READINESS TRAINING PHILOSOPHY   Chapter 1 The Army’s Approach to Physical Readiness TrainingChapter 2 The Army Physical Readiness Training SystemChapter 3 Army Physical Readiness Training Leadership PART TWO - ARMY PHYSICAL READINESS TRAINING STRATEGY Chapter 4 Army Physical Readiness Training ProgramsChapter 5 Army Physical Readiness PlanningChapter 6 Army Physical Readiness Training ExecutionChapter 7 Reconditioning Physical Readiness TrainingChapter 8 Initial Entry Training Physical Readiness Training PART THREE - ARMY PHYSICAL READINESS TRAINING ACTIVITIES Chapter 9 Posture and Body MechanicsChapter 10 Preparation and RecoveryChapter 11 Calisthenic DrillsChapter 12 Guerrilla DrillsChapter 13 Dumbbell DrillChapter 14 Climbing DrillsChapter 15 RunningChapter 16 Foot MarchingChapter 17 Obstacle Course NegotiationChapter 18 Water Survival TrainingChapter 19 Log Drill PART FOUR - ARMY PHYSICAL READINESS TRAINING ASSESSMENT Chapter 20 Army Physical Fitness TestChapter 21 Combat Water Survival Test Appendix A Physical Readiness Training Leader Drill Cards Appendix B Physical Readiness Training Leader Instruction Cards Appendix C Physical Readiness Training Leader Session Cards Appendix D Climbing Bar Apparatus Specifications  Preface The physical readiness requirements of soldiers are acquired through military physicaltraining. Successful performance on the Army Physical Fitness Test is not sufficient to bringsoldiers up to the desired standard of physical readiness. Experience has demonstrated thatfew recruits enter the Army physically fit for the arduous duties ahead of them. The softeninginfluences of our modern society make the challenge of conditioning soldiers more importantthan ever before. If soldiers are to be brought up to the desired standard of physical readiness,a well-conceived plan of mass military physical training must be an integral part of everyunit-training program.This manual is rooted in the time-tested theories and principles of physical training. It isdescriptive in nature, yet adaptable to unit missions and individual capabilities. It is definitiveenough to guide leaders in the progression toward physical readiness through theconditioning of all soldiers in the areas of strength, endurance, and mobility. This manual provides a variety of physical training activities to enhance military skills, which are essentialto effective combat and duty performance. Foremost, it is precise in its description of physicalreadiness training activities that provide leaders guidance on the planning and execution of  programs that ensure individual soldiers and units are prepared for their wartime mission. v  PART ONE Army Physical Readiness Training Philosophy The Army exists to deter war or, if deterence fails, to reestablish peace throughvictory in combat wherever the United States interests are challenged. Toaccomplish this, the Army’s forces must be able to succeed in their assignedstrategic roles. Moreover, for deterence to be effective, potential enemies mustperceive that the Army has the capability to mobilize, deploy, fight, and sustaincombat operations in unified action with our sister services and allies. Training,therefore, is the process that melds human and material resources into theserequired capabilities. Chapter 1 The Army’s Approach To Physical Readiness Training “Military leaders have always recognized that the effectiveness of fightingmen depends to a large degree upon their physical condition. War places agreat premium upon the strength, stamina, agility, and coordination of thesoldier because victory and his life are so often dependent upon them. Tomarch long distances with full pack, weapons, and ammunition throughrugged country and to fight effectively upon arriving at the area of combat; todrive fast-moving tanks and motor vehicles over rough terrain; to makeassaults and to run and crawl for long distances, to jump into and out of foxholes, craters, and trenches, and over obstacles; to lift and carry heavyobjects; to keep going for many hours without sleep or rest – all theseactivities of warfare and many others require superbly conditioned troops.” FM 21-20, Physical Training (January 1946)   SECTION I - PRINCIPLES OF ARMY TRAINING 1-1. Army training prepares soldiers, leaders and units to fight in the fullspectrum of operations. This manual presents the Army’s PhysicalReadiness Training (PRT) doctrine. Its purpose is to prepare soldiers forthe physical challenges inherent in current and future operationalenvironments. Army physical readiness is the ability to meet thephysical demands of any combat or duty situation, accomplish themission and still have a reserve of strength. The Army’s standardizedapproach to PRT is directly linked to the Army’s principles of trainingdescribed in FM 25-101, Training the Force, Battle-Focused Training.Leaders must know and understand how the nine principles of Army training relate to PRT in order to enhance war-fighting capabilities. 1-1  FM 3-22.20(21-20) DRAFT___________________________________________________________________  TRAIN AS COMBINED ARMS AND SERVICES TEAM 1-2. War is uncompromising and unforgiving for soldiers. The rigors of battle demand mental and physical toughness and teamwork. A highlevel of physical readiness is required, whether the soldier occupies acombat, combat support or combat service support role. It is vital thatPRT is consistent across all branches and military occupationalspecialties (MOS). Train as a combined arms and service team.   TRAIN AS YOU FIGHT 1-3. All Army training is based on this principle. Therefore, the primary focus of military PRT must go far beyond preparation for the Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT). The physical readiness capabilities of soldiers are improved through PRT. Experience has demonstrated thatfew soldiers enter the Army physically fit for the arduous duties ahead of them. The softening influences of our modern society make the challengeof toughening soldiers more important than ever. If soldiers are toachieve the desired standard of physical readiness, a well-conceived planof mass military PRT must be an integral part of every unit trainingprogram. Army PRT must incorporate those types of training activitiesthat directly support war-fighting tasks. This is why PRT activities mustinclude such fundamental skills as climbing, crawling and running thatcontribute to success in the more complex skills of obstacle negotiation,combatives and military movement. Train as you fight.   USE APPROPRIATE DOCTRINE 1-4. Army manuals have undergone cycles of change after major periodsof armed conflict, reflecting the lessons learned from the soldiers whoendured the rigors of combat. Since doctrine is the condensed expressionof the Army’s approach to war fighting, the tactics, techniques,procedures, organizations, support structures, equipment, and trainingmust all derive from it. To be useful, doctrine must be uniformly known,understood, replicable, and accepted. This manual is descriptive innature, rooted in time-tested theories and principles, yet forward-lookingand adaptable to unit missions and individual capabilities. It will guideleaders in the progressive conditioning of all soldiers in the areas of strength, endurance, and mobility. The manual will provide a variety of PRT activities that enhance military skills essential to effective combatand duty performance. The precise description of PRT activities willassist leaders in the planning and execution of programs that ensureindividual soldiers and units are prepared for their wartime mission. Use appropriate doctrine.   USE PERFORMANCE-ORIENTED TRAINING 1-5. Soldiers and units must be proficient in the basic skills required toperform their missions during duty and wartime conditions. Therefore,Army PRT must be performance based, incorporating activities thatprepare units to accomplish physically challenging tasks. The tasks,conditions and standards of PRT are derived from the mission analyses 1-2  
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