Hiv Africa

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Steps That Can Be taken (RECOMMENDATIONS) Providing health care, antiretroviral treatment, and support to a growing population of people with HIV-related illnesses. Reducing the annual toll of new HIV infections by enabling individuals to protect themselves and others. Coping with the impact of millions of AIDS deaths3 on orphans and other survivors, communities, and national development. (1)Provision of Voluntary HIV Counselling & Testing (VCT) The provision of voluntary HIV counselling and te
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    Steps That Can Be taken (RECOMMENDATIONS) Providing health care, antiretroviral treatment, and support to a growing populationof people with HIV-related illnesses.Reducing the annual toll of new HIV infections by enabling individuals to protectthemselves and others.Coping with the impact of millions of AIDS deaths3 on orphans and other survivors, communities, and national development . (1)Provision of Voluntary HIV Counselling & Testing(VCT)   The provision of voluntary HIV counselling and testing (VCT) is an important part ofany national prevention programme. It is widely recognised that individuals living withHIV who are aware of their status are less likely to transmit HIV infection to others,and are more likely to access treatment, care and support that can help them to stayhealthy for longer. (  2)Mother-to-child transmission of HIV      If a woman is supplied with antiretroviral drugs, however, this risk can be significantlyreduced. Before these measures can be taken the mother must be aware of her HIVinfection, so testing also plays a vital role in the prevention of MTCT.The country lacks with the antiviral drugs so it should take care to see that they buysufficient amt of drugsThe involvement of government is more required in awareness programme where as   the African government shows the least interest in the wealfare of the peopleThe African government should also be able to convince the various pharmacycompanies to provide the drug at cheaper rate than in the market WHO should betaking care of this as its main motto is to attain standard health standards in theworld (3) International support  Africa requires support from various countries who can provide them withantiretroviral drugs for the increasing the average life of the people   (  4)Domestic commitment     More money is needed if HIV prevention and treatment programmes are to be scaledup in A frica. In order to implement such programmes, a country’s health, education and communication systems and infrastructures must be sufficiently developed.  (5)Reducing stigma and discrimination HIV-related stigma and discrimination remains an enormous barrier to the fight against AIDS. Fear of discrimination often prevents people from getting tested,seeking treatment and admitting their HIV status publicly .     (6)Helping women and girls   In many parts of Africa, as elsewhere in the world, the AIDS epidemic is aggravatedby social and economic inequalities between men and women. Women and girlscommonly face discrimination in terms of access to education, employment, credit,health care, land and inheritance. These factors can all put women in a positionwhere they are particularly vulnerable to HIV infection. In sub-Saharan Africa, around59% of those living with HIV are female. The proportion is even more inequitable foryoung people, with women making up 70% of young people in the region living withHIV. Implication on recommended parties    The effect on life expectancy. In many countries of sub-Saharan Africa, AIDShas erased decades of progress made in extending life expectancy. Average lifeexpectancy in sub-Saharan Africa is now 54.4 years and in some of the mostheavily affected countries in the region life expectancy is below 49 years.    The effect on households. The effect of the AIDS epidemic on households canbe very severe, especially when families lose their income earners. In other cases,people have to provide home based care for sick relatives, reducing their capacity to earn money for their family. Many of those dying from AIDS have survivingpartners who are themselves infected and in need of care. They leavebehind orphans,who are often cared for by members of the extended family.    The effect on healthcare. In all affected countries, the epidemic is putting strainon the health sector. As the epidemic develops, the demand for care for thoseliving with HIV rises, as does the number of health care workers affected.    The effect on schools. Schools are heavily affected by AIDS. This a majorconcern, because schools can play a vital role in reducing the impact of theepidemic, through HIV education and support.    The effect on productivity. The HIV and AIDS epidemic has dramatically affectedlabour, which in turn slows down economic activity and social progress. The vastmajority of people living with HIV and AIDS in Africa are between the ages of 15and 49 - in the prime of their working lives. Employers, schools, factories andhospitals have to train other staff to replace those at the workplace who becometoo ill to work.     The effect on economic growth and development. The HIV and AIDS epidemichas already significantly affected Africa's economic development, and in turn, hasaffected Africa's ability to cope with the epidemic.
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