Instalacion Cluster en Linux

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Oracle® Database Oracle Clusterware and Oracle Real Application Clusters Installation Guide 10g Release 2 (10.2) for Linux B14203-08 September 2006 Oracle Database Oracle Clusterware and Oracle Real Application Clusters Installation Guide, 10g Release 2 (10.2) for Linux B14203-08 Copyright © 2004, 2006, Oracle. All rights reserved. Primary Authors: David Austin, Mark Bauer, Kevin Flood, Emily Murphy, Lyju Vadassery, Douglas Williams Contributing Authors: Jonathan Creighton, Pat Huey, Raj Kuma
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  Oracle® Database  Oracle Clusterware and Oracle Real Application Clusters Installation Guide 10  g  Release 2 (10.2) for Linux  B14203-08 September 2006  Oracle Database Oracle Clusterware and Oracle Real Application Clusters Installation Guide, 10  g Release 2(10.2) for LinuxB14203-08Copyright © 2004, 2006, Oracle. All rights reserved.Primary Authors: David Austin, Mark Bauer, Kevin Flood, Emily Murphy, Lyju Vadassery, DouglasWilliamsContributing Authors: Jonathan Creighton, Pat Huey, Raj KumarContributors: Chris Allison, Karin Brandauer, Sudip Datta, Rajiv Jayaraman, Roland Knapp, Diana Lorentz,Barb Lundhild, Vijay Lunawat, John Patrick McHugh, Randy Neville, Philip Newlan, Michael Polaski,Dipak Saggi, Sudheendra Sampath, Janelle Simmons, Clive Simpkins, Khethavath P. Singh, NitinVengurlekar, Gary YoungThe Programs (which include both the software and documentation) contain proprietary information; theyare provided under a license agreement containing restrictions on use and disclosure and are also protected by copyright, patent, and other intellectual and industrial property laws. Reverse engineering, disassembly,or decompilation of the Programs, except to the extent required to obtain interoperability with otherindependently created software or as specified by law, is prohibited.The information contained in this document is subject to change without notice. If you find any problems inthe documentation, please report them to us in writing. This document is not warranted to be error-free.Except as may be expressly permitted in your license agreement for these Programs, no part of thesePrograms may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, for anypurpose.If the Programs are delivered to the United States Government or anyone licensing or using the Programs on behalf of the United States Government, the following notice is applicable:U.S. GOVERNMENT RIGHTS Programs, software, databases, and related documentation and technical datadelivered to U.S. Government customers are commercial computer software or commercial technical data pursuant to the applicable Federal Acquisition Regulation and agency-specific supplemental regulations. Assuch, use, duplication, disclosure, modification, and adaptation of the Programs, including documentationand technical data, shall be subject to the licensing restrictions set forth in the applicable Oracle licenseagreement, and, to the extent applicable, the additional rights set forth in FAR 52.227-19, CommercialComputer Software—Restricted Rights (June 1987). Oracle USA, Inc., 500 Oracle Parkway, Redwood City,CA 94065.The Programs are not intended for use in any nuclear, aviation, mass transit, medical, or other inherentlydangerous applications. It shall be the licensee's responsibility to take all appropriate fail-safe, backup,redundancy and other measures to ensure the safe use of such applications if the Programs are used for suchpurposes, and we disclaim liability for any damages caused by such use of the Programs.Oracle, JD Edwards, PeopleSoft, and Siebel are registered trademarks of Oracle Corporation and/or itsaffiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective owners.The Programs may provide links to Web sites and access to content, products, and services from thirdparties. Oracle is not responsible for the availability of, or any content provided on, third-party Web sites.You bear all risks associated with the use of such content. If you choose to purchase any products or servicesfrom a third party, the relationship is directly between you and the third party. Oracle is not responsible for:(a) the quality of third-party products or services; or (b) fulfilling any of the terms of the agreement with thethird party, including delivery of products or services and warranty obligations related to purchasedproducts or services. Oracle is not responsible for any loss or damage of any sort that you may incur fromdealing with any third party.  iii Contents Preface ................................................................................................................................................................. xi Intended Audience...................................................................................................................................... xi Documentation Accessibility..................................................................................................................... xi Related Documents.................................................................................................................................... xii Conventions................................................................................................................................................ xii What's New in Oracle Database 10 g  Oracle Real Application Clusters Installationand Configuration? .................................................................................................................................... xv New Features for Oracle Clusterware and RAC Installation............................................................. xv Part I Oracle Clusterware and Oracle Real Application Clusters InstallationPlanning and Requirements1 Introduction to Installing and Configuring Oracle Clusterware and OracleReal Application Clusters Oracle Clusterware and Oracle Real Application Clusters Documentation Overview ............. 1-1 Oracle Real Application Clusters Administration and Deployment Guide.............................. 1-2 General System Installation Requirements ....................................................................................... 1-2 Overview of Cluster Verification Utility........................................................................................ 1-2 Overview of Oracle Universal Installer.......................................................................................... 1-3 Overview of Upgrading and Multiple-release Systems............................................................... 1-3 Shared Oracle Homes with Oracle Cluster File System............................................................... 1-3 Hardware Requirements for Oracle Clusterware and Oracle Real Application Clusters....... 1-3 Software Requirements for Oracle Clusterware and Oracle Real Application Clusters......... 1-5 Configuration Tasks for Oracle Clusterware and Oracle Real Application Clusters ................. 1-5 Overview of Installation Procedures .................................................................................................... 1-6 Pre-Installation Overview for Oracle Database 10  g Real Application Clusters ....................... 1-6 Installation Overview for Oracle Database 10  g Real Application Clusters............................... 1-6 Post-Installation Overview for Oracle Database 10  g Real Application Clusters ..................... 1-7 Installation with Oracle Universal Installer ....................................................................................... 1-7 Storage Considerations for Installing Oracle Clusterware and RAC ............................................ 1-8 Overview of Automatic Storage Management.............................................................................. 1-8 Shared Storage for Database Recovery Area............................................................................... 1-11 Additional Considerations for Using Oracle Database 10  g  Features in RAC ........................... 1-11 Oracle Database 10  g  and Real Application Clusters Components .............................................. 1-11  iv Oracle Clusterware......................................................................................................................... 1-11 The Installed Real Application Clusters Components............................................................... 1-12 Oracle Database 10  g  Real Application Clusters Release Compatibility .................................... 1-12 Required Operating System Groups ................................................................................................. 1-13 Cloning Oracle Clusterware and RAC in Grid Environments ..................................................... 1-14 Cloning Oracle Clusterware Homes............................................................................................ 1-14 Cloning RAC Homes...................................................................................................................... 1-15 Part II Oracle Clusterware and Oracle Real Application Clusters Pre-InstallationProcedures2 Pre-Installation Tasks Understanding and Using Cluster Verification Utility ..................................................................... 2-1 Entering Cluster Verification Utility Commands.......................................................................... 2-2 Using CVU to Determine if Installation Prerequisites are Complete......................................... 2-2 Using the Cluster Verification Utility Help.................................................................................... 2-3 Using Cluster Verification Utility with Oracle 10g Release 1...................................................... 2-3 Verbose Mode and Unknown Output......................................................................................... 2-3 Logging In to the System as root ........................................................................................................... 2-4 Creating Required Operating System Groups and User .................................................................. 2-5 Creating the Oracle Inventory Group............................................................................................. 2-6 Creating the OSDBA Group............................................................................................................. 2-7 Creating an OSOPER Group (Optional)......................................................................................... 2-7 Creating the Oracle Software Owner User..................................................................................... 2-8 Verifying That the User nobody Exists........................................................................................... 2-9 Creating Identical Users and Groups on Other Cluster Nodes................................................... 2-9 Configuring SSH on All Cluster Nodes....................................................................................... 2-11 Configuring SSH on Cluster Member Nodes...................................................................... 2-11 Enabling SSH User Equivalency on Cluster Member Nodes............................................ 2-13 Preventing Oracle Clusterware Installation Errors Caused by stty Commands............ 2-14 Configuring the oracle User's Environment .................................................................................... 2-15 Installing the cvuqdisk Package for Linux.................................................................................. 2-17 Checking the Hardware Requirements ............................................................................................. 2-18 Checking the Network Requirements ............................................................................................... 2-19 IP Address Requirements.............................................................................................................. 2-20 Node Time Requirements.............................................................................................................. 2-21 Configuring the Network Requirements..................................................................................... 2-21 Checking the Network Setup with CVU .......................................................................................... 2-22 Identifying Software Requirements .................................................................................................. 2-22 Software Requirements List for x86 (32-bit) Platforms.............................................................. 2-23 Software Requirements List for x86 (64-bit) Platforms.............................................................. 2-25 Software Requirements List for Linux on Itanium..................................................................... 2-28 Software Requirements List for Linux on POWER.................................................................... 2-31 Software Requirements list for IBM zSeries Based Linux......................................................... 2-33 Checking the Software Requirements .............................................................................................. 2-34 Configuring Kernel Parameters .......................................................................................................... 2-36 Checking the Hardware and Operating System Setup with CVU .............................................. 2-39
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