Lecture 2

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  Statecraft and Public PolicyMPP-1001 Lecture. 2Statecraft and National SecurityDr Kalsoom Sumrakalsoomsumra@gmail.com  Globalization and global politics ã Making sense of globalization Globalization  —  simplythewidening,deepening,and speedingupofworldwideinterconnectedness  —  isacontentiousissueinthestudyofworldpolitics.Some  —  the hyperglobalists  —  arguethatitisbringingaboutthedemiseofthesovereign nation-state asglobalforcesunderminetheabilityofgovernmentstocontroltheirowneconomiesandsocieties ã Others  —  the sceptics  —  rejecttheideaofglobalizationassomuch  ‘ globaloney ’ ,andarguethatstatesand geopoliticsremaintheprincipalforcesshaping worldorder  Dentitions of globalization ã Globalization is variously defined in the literature as: 1.The  intensification ofworldwidesocialrelationswhichlink  distantlocalitiesinsuchawaythatlocalhappeningsareshapedbyeventsoccurringmanymilesawayandvice versa. ’ (Giddens1990:21).2.  ‘ The integration of the world-economy. ’ (Gilpin 2001: 364)3. De-territorialization  —  or . . . the growth of supraterritorial relations between people. ’ (Scholte2000: 46)4. time  –  space compression. ’ (Harvey 1989)  Conceptualizing globalization ã Suchadefinitionenablesustodistinguishglobalizationfrommorespatiallydelimitedprocessessuchas inter-nationalization and  regionalization . ã Whereasinternationalizationreferstogrowinginterdependencebetweenstates,theveryideaof internationalizationpresumesthattheyremaindiscretenationalunitswithclearlydemarcatedborders. ã Bycontrast,globalizationreferstoaprocessinwhichtheverydistinctionbetweenthedomes-ticandtheexternal breaksdown.
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