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Science through LEGO Engineering Design an Animal Model: Animal Studies Curriculum Resources 2008-2009 Edition Contributors: G. Michael Barnett, Ph. D., Boston College Kathleen Connolly, Tufts University Linda Jarvin, Ph. D., Tufts University Ismail Marulcu, Boston College Chris Rogers, Ph. D., Tufts University Kristen Bethke Wendell, Tufts University Chris Wright, Tufts University The preparation of this curriculum was partially supported by grant DRL-0423059 from the National Science Found
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    Science through LEGO Engineering  Design an Animal Model: Animal Studies Curriculum Resources2008-2009 Edition Contributors: G. Michael Barnett, Ph. D., Boston CollegeKathleen Connolly, Tufts UniversityLinda Jarvin, Ph. D., Tufts UniversityIsmail Marulcu, Boston CollegeChris Rogers, Ph. D., Tufts UniversityKristen Bethke Wendell, Tufts UniversityChris Wright, Tufts University The preparation of this curriculum was partially supported by grant DRL-0423059 from the National Science Foundation. Grantees undertaking such projects are encouraged to express freely their professional judgment. This curriculum, therefore, does not necessarily represent the position or policies of the National Science Foundation.   Not for distribution without the authors’ permission     Table of Contents for this Resource Packet Section 1. Teacher’s GuideSection 2. Student Handouts for All LessonsSection 3. Supplemental Teacher Resources    Section 1:Teacher’s Guide  Science through LEGO Engineering Animal Studies Module: “Design an Animal Model” Module Overview   Overall Goals: The purpose of studying and modeling the animals is to (1) practice observing andmodeling animals, (2) learn how animals are structured and how they behave, and (3) consider howanimals’ structure and behavior enable survival in their environment. Big Science Question: Why do animals look and act the way they do, and how can we study and explaintheir looks and actions? Lesson Title Lesson OverviewLesson Learning Objectives Students will be able to…   1How can we learnabout animals? First attempt at the unit’s grand designchallenge (inventing and modeling newcreatures for an adventure movie).Discuss the plan for learning the sciencenecessary to complete the challenge.  Define engineering design as the processof applying creativity and math and science knowledge to the solution of human problems. 2How can wegroup animals? Create “pet posters” that describe 7common pets from 7 different animalgroups. Group animals by the physicalcharacteristic they share into the major groups of animals (fishes, amphibians,reptiles, mammals, crustaceans, insects,birds). 3What makes aplace a “habitat”? Research and make LEGO models of thepets’ native habitats. Consider how eachanimal is a good match for its habitat.  Describe the major elements of habitatsin general and for specific animals 4How do scientistsstudy animals? (May take place over multiple sessions.)Observe structures and behaviors of liveanimals in the classroom, and recordobservations through writing anddrawing. (Replaced bybook/internet/video study of animals if live animals are not available.) Observe and model animal bodystructures. Identify animal behaviors that are inresponse to stimuli in the environment. 5Why do animals look the way theydo? Carefully study the locomotion structureof one animal. Use LEGO pieces to createa model of this structure. Observe and model animal bodystructures. Explain how structures determineanimal functions. 6What makes agood model of ananimal’s  structure ? Critique and revise structural models, andreflect on the modeling process. Comparemodels to real animals.  Explain how structures determineanimal functions. Identify adaptations that help animalssurvive in their environment. 7Why do animals  act the way theydo? Observe pre-programmed robotic modelanimals and predict the “rules” thatgovern their behavior. Write a stimulus-response behavior rule that models thebehavior of one carefully studied animal.  Identify animal behaviors that are inresponse to stimuli in the environment. Explain how behaviors help animalssurvive in their habitats. Copyright 2008 Tufts University Center for EngineeringEducational Outreach and
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