Order Granting Defendants' Motion for Summary Judgment

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The order dismissing the case against Defendant Dr. Dean Winslow, M.D., who unlawfully disclosed the HIV-positive status of inmates at California's fifth largest jail institution, thereby putting them in danger of violence and ostracism by other inmates. Although this same issue raised in this case was won in other districts, Judge Richard Seeborg dismissed the case for the reasons stated in this order. The case is being appealed.
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  Case3:09-cv-04231-RSDocument76Filed10/19/11Page1of11 1 2 3 4 56 7 8 9 1011 12JAMESALANBUSH,13Plaintiff,*E-Filed 10/19111 * UNITEDSTATESDISTRICTCOURTNORTHERNDISTRICTOFCALIFORNIASANFRANCISCODIVISIONNo.C 09-4231 RS(PR) ORDERGRANTINGDEFENDANTS'MOTIONFORSUMMARYJUDGMENT 14 v.15DR.DEANWINSLOW,etaI.,16 17 18 Defendants. _________________________1 INTRODUCTION 19PlaintiffJamesAlanBushisaprisonerintheSantaClaraCountyDepartmentof20Correction'sMainJail( MainJail )proceeding prose inthiscivilrightsactionbrought21under 42 U.S.c.§ 1983. Heallegesthatdefendants-Dr.DeanWinslow,Edward C. 22Flores,andCaptainD.Sepulveda-violatedhisrighttomedicalprivacy,subjectedhimtoa23substantialriskofharminviolationoftheEighthAmendment,andviolatedhisrighttodue24process.Defendantsmoveforsummaryjudgment.Forthereasonsdiscussedbelow,25defendants'motionwillbeGRANTED. 26 27 28 No.C09-4231RS(PR)ORDERGRANTINGMOT.FORSUMM.1.  678910 cIS .§ 11 t:..a =;..::: 12 cIS U U ....<+-< (,J 0 13 'C t> .'5 *E 14 .~ fIlQ ~E 15 ~<1> oo,€ 16 0 0 .~Z = <1> 17 ~.s 1-.. 0 1819202122232425262728 1 2Plaintiffwasbookedforarson,fraud,possessionofstolenproperty,andresisting Case3:09-cv-04231-RSDocument76Filed10/19/11Page2of11 BACKGROUND 3arrestinDecember,2008.(Defs.'Mot.forSumm. J. ( MSJ )at2.)Whileawaitingtrial,he 4 wasplacedintheMainJailandishousedinaprotectivecustodyunitduetohisstatusasa5homosexual.(FirstAm.CompI.( FAC )at3.)OnJuly20,2009,OfficerKennedy,acorrectionsofficerattheMainJail,announcedinfrontoftheentirehousingunitthatplaintiffhadamedicalappointmentattheP.A.c.E.Clinic,whichtreatsHIV-positivepatients.Plaintiffbelievesthatapproximately90inmatesheardthisannouncement.(FACat5-6.)Laterthatsameday,NurseLynn announcedtoplaintifffromherstationtohiscell thatshewastemporarilyoutofTravada,butthatshewouldhavemoreintheafternoon.TravadaisadrugusedtotreatpatientswithHIV.Plaintiffbelievesthat45inmatesinthedayroomheardthisannouncement. I (FACat6.)Inaninmategrievanceformdatedthesameday,plaintiffcomplainedaboutthetwoincidentsandrecommendedasasolutionthatstaff announcenothingspecificaboutanyone'smedsorconditiontoadormfullofinmates. (PlaintiffsAmendedOppositiontoMSJ( PI.'sAm.Opp. ),Ex.B.)Kennedy,theofficerwhomadetheannouncement,wroteonthegrievanceformthathe simplyreadthe[appointment]asitwaslisted.TherewasnointenttointentionallydiscloseBush'smedicalstatus. (Id.) KennedyreferredthemattertoLynn.OnAugust5,anunknownregisterednursewroteonthesameform, IapologizefortheuntimelydisclosureandIagreewithyourrecommendation.WewillcounselNurseLynnontheimportanceofmaintaining[patient]confidentialityandalthoughwewillnotbeabletodisclosethefinaloutcomerestassuredthatthismatterwillbefullyaddressed. (Id.) Plaintiffbelievedthatinmates,havingheardabouthisclinicappointmentandthedrugshetook,weresayingthingsabouthimbehindhisback.InareportdatedJanuary1,2010,Sepulvedainvestigatedplaintiffscomplaint thatOfficersinhisunit(6C)were I PlaintiffdoesnotmakeclearhowloudLynn'sannouncementwasorhowfarawayherstationwasfromhiscell.2 No.C09-4231RS(PR)ORDERGRANTINGMOT.FORSUMM. J.  12345678910 C':l '8 11 t:t.8 =:..= = C':l 12 U U ....'+-< ~0 13 ·C 1:) t;;·S .- 14 .~ fIlQ ~E 15 .s (!) oo-€ 16 C 0 :~Z = (!) 17 ~.s I-< 0 1819202122232425262728 Case3:09-cv-04231-RSDocument76Filed10/19/11Page3of11 purposefullyrevealinghismedicalconditiontootherinmatesbyannouncinghismedicalappointmentswiththeP.A.c.E.Clinic,whichhefeelsthateveryoneknowsorshouldknowisassociatedwithA.I.D.S.patients. (Id., Ex.D.)Thesamereportdetailsthatinmateswhowere gossiping aboutplaintiffhavingAIDSweretoldtostop;thatSepulvedainvestigatedanallegationthatanOfficerSancheztoldaninmatethat BushisafagwithAIDS, butfoundtheallegationtobewithoutmerit;andthatanOfficerBrownre-housedplaintiffscell-mateandanotherinmatewhowerespeakinginSpanishaboutplaintiffhavingAIDS;thatplaintiffbecameparanoidaboutpeopletalkingabouthim.Sepulvedawasotherwiseunabletosubstantiateanyofplaintiffsclaims. (Id.) Healsonotesthatplaintiff statedthathedoesnotfeelthatheis[in]anydanger,nordoeshefeelthatanyonewantstodohimharm. (Id.) [Plaintiff]wantstoremainin6CandIamcomfortablewiththatdecision. (Id.) PlaintiffsenttheInternalAffairsDivisionoftheSantaClaraCountyDepartmentofCorrectionsaletterdatedJanuary18,2010,claiminghewasthetargetof ostracismandridicule sincetheJuly20incidentand recently[]receivedtwothreatsofviolencefromotherinmates. (Id., Ex.F.)HealsomaintainedthateveryinmatetreatedbyP.A.C.E.hadhisstatusasaP.A.C.E.patientdisclosedinasimilarway. (Id.) OnFebruary3,2010,SepulvedasentamemorandumfromFloresto alljailbadgestaff'tellingthemthatinmatesshouldbeadvisedoftheirappointmentsingeneraltermssoasnottodivulgeconfidentialpatientinformation. (Id., Ex.C.)STANDARDOF REVIEW Summaryjudgmentisproperwherethepleadings,discoveryandaffidavitsdemonstratethatthereis nogenuineissueastoanymaterialfactandthatthemovingpartyisentitledtojudgmentasamatteroflaw. Fed. R. Civ.P.56(c).Materialfactsarethosewhichmayaffecttheoutcomeofthecase. Anderson v. LibertyLobby,Inc., 477U.S.242,248(1986).Adisputeastoamaterialfactisgenuineifthereissufficientevidenceforareasonablejurytoreturnaverdictforthenonmovingparty. Id. 3 No.C09-4231 RSCPR) ORDERGRANTINGMOT.FORSUMM.J.  1Thepartymovingforsummaryjudgmentbearstheinitialburdenofidentifyingthose2portionsofthepleadings,discoveryandaffidavitswhichdemonstratetheabsenceofa3genuineissueofmaterialfact. CelotexCorp. v. Cattrett, 477 U.S. 317,323(1986).Where4themovingpartywillhavetheburdenofproofonanissueat trial, itmustaffirmatively5demonstratethatnoreasonabletrieroffactcouldfindotherthanforthemovingparty.Onan6issueforwhichtheopposingpartybycontrastwillhavetheburdenofproofattrial,asisthe7casehere,themovingpartyneedonlypointout thatthereisanabsenceofevidenceto8supportthenonmovingparty'scase. Id. at325.9Oncethemovingpartymeetsitsinitialburden,thenonmovingpartymustgobeyond CI:I 10thepleadingsand,byitsownaffidavitsordiscovery, setforthspecificfactsshowingthat t::] 11thereisagenuineissuefortrial. Fed. R. Civ.P.56(e).Thecourtisonlyconcernedwith =:..::: U 8 12disputesovermaterialfactsand factualdisputesthatareirrelevantorunnecessarywillnot ....t+o< ·c~ 13becounted. Anderson, 477 U.S. at248. It isnotthetaskofthecourttoscourtherecordin -;;·B Q.~ 14searchofagenuineissueoftriablefact. Keenan v. Allen, 91F.3d1275,1279(9thCir. oot:l E § 151996).Thenonmovingpartyhastheburdenofidentifying,withreasonableparticularity,the oo,€ 'J i. 16evidencethatprecludessummaryjudgment. Id. Ifthenonmovingpartyfailstomakethis ... = Q) ~..s 17showing, themovingpartyisentitledtojudgmentasamatteroflaw. Celotex, 477U.S.at 1-0 ~18323.19 DISCUSSION 4 No.C09-4231RS(PR)ORDERGRANTINGMOT.FORSUMM. J. Case3:09-cv-04231-RSDocument76Filed10/19/11Page4 of 11 .. 20Plaintiffclaims:(1)thatdefendantsviolatedhismedicalprivacy,whichcausedhimto21besubjectedto unconstitutionalconditions inviolationoftheEighthAmendment(FACat224);and(2)thatdefendants deliberatelyexposed himtoahighriskofviolence,which23violatedhisdueprocessrights.(FACat11-12.)Thesolereliefplaintiffseeksisan24injunctionbarringdefendantsfromdisclosinganinmate'sHIVstatus.Plaintiffsclaimswill25bedismissedongroundsofmootness.Additionally,theclaimsfailonthemerits. 26 27 28
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