Parts of Speech,Phrase and Clause

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  Parts of Speech Table This is a summary of the 8 parts of speech*. You can nd more detail if you click on each part of speech. part of speechfunction or job example wordsexample sentences Verbaction or state(to) be, have, do, like, work, sing, can, is  a web site. I like Nounthing or person pen, dog, work, music, town, London, teacher, ohn!his is m dog . #e lives in m house . $e live in London .%d&ectivedescribes a nouna'an, the, , some, good, big, red, well, interesting* dog is big . I like big  dogs.%dverbdescribes a verb, ad&ective or adverb+uickl , silentl , well, badl , ver , reall * dog eats quickly . $hen he is very  hungr , he eats really  +uickl .ronounreplaces a nounI, ou, he, she, some!ara is Indian. She  is beauti-ul.repositionlinks a noun to another wordto, at, a-ter, on, but$e went to  school on  *onda .Con&unction &oins clauses or sentences or wordsand, but, whenI like dogs and  I like cats. I like cats and  dogs. I like dogs but  I dont like cats.Inter&ectionshort e/clamation, sometimes inserted into a sentenceoh0, ouch0, hi0, well uch 0 !hat hurts0 !i 0 #ow are ou1 ell , I dont know.2 3ome grammar sources categori4e English into #  or $%  parts o- speech. %t, we use the traditional categori4ation o- &  parts o- speech. E/amples o- other categori4ations are5  Verbs ma be treated as two di--erent parts o- speech5 o Lexical 'erbs  ( work, like, run ) o (uxiliary 'erbs  ( be, have, must  )   )eterminers  ma be treated as a separate part o- speech, instead o- being categori4ed under %d&ectives  Parts of Speech *xamples  Here are some sentences made with dierent English parts of speech: 'erb 3top0   nounverb ohnworks.   nounverbverb ohnisworking.    Pronounverbnoun 3helovesanimals.   nounverbadjectivenoun %nimalslikekindpeople.    +ounverbnounadverb !araspeaksEnglishwell.   nounverbadjectivenoun !araspeaksgoodEnglish.    pronounverbprepositionadjectivenounadverb 3herantothestation+uickl .    pron,verbadj,nounconjunctionpron,verbpron, 3helikesbigsnakesbutIhatethem.  Here is a sentence that contains eery part of speech: interjectionpron,conj,adj,nounverbprep,nounadverb $ell,sheand oungohnwalktoschoolslowl . ords with -ore than ne .ob *an words in English can have more than one &ob, or be more than one part o- speech. 6or e/ample, 7work7 can be a verb and a noun8 7but7 can be a con&unction and a preposition8 7well7 can be an ad&ective, an adverb and an inter&ection. In addition, man nouns can act as ad&ectives.!o anal 4e the part o- speech, ask oursel-5 7$hat  job  is this word doing in this sentence17  In the table below ou can see a -ew e/amples. 9- course, there are more, even -or some o- the words in the table. In -act, i- ou look in a good dictionar ou will see that the word 7 but 7 has si/ &obs to do5  er! noun ader! pronoun preposi#on and con$uc#on% ordpart of speechexample $ork noun* work   is eas .verbI work   in London.:utcon&unctionohn came but  *ar didnt come. prepositionEver one came but  *ar .$ellad&ective%re ou well 1adverb3he speaks well .inter&ection ell 0 !hats e/pensive0a-ternoonnoun$e ate in the afternoon .noun acting as ad&ective$e had afternoon  tea. P!/(S* vs 0L(1S* &y 'wara &haskara on (pril ) )+,+ - ),:+ / 0omments A. PHRASE hrase (-rasa) adalah sekelompok kata (; kata atau lebih) ang dapat di-ungsikan sebagai noun(kata benda), sebagai verb (kata ker&a), sebagai ad&ective (kata si-at), atau sebagai adverb (kataketerangan). <engan perkecualian pada absolute phrase, phrase tidak memiliki sub&ect.3ebuah phrase dapat mengandung5 phrase = klas kata tertentu. 3ebagai contoh, >ad&ective phrase= noun? akan membentuk noun phrase8 >noun phrase = ad&ective? akan membentuk ad&ective phrase, dst. 1. Tipe-Tipe Phrase enamaan phrase pada umumn a berdasarkan headword (kata kunci) ang men usun phrasetersebut. #eadword ini biasan a terletak di awal phrase atau di akhir phrase atau kadang@kadangdi tengah phrase.  :erdasarkan headword@n a, tipe@tipe phrase dalam bahasa Inggris antara lain5a. +oun Phrase2 aitu phrase ang headword@n a berupa noun, ang diletakkan di akhir atau ditengah phrase. Noun phrase dapat diawali oleh article (a, an, the), demonstrative (this, that, these,those), modi-ier (some, an , dst), atau oleh ad&ective pronoun (m , our, his, dst).Contoh5  an e1tremely fast runner .  this bouquet of roses  my fancée .  the laptop .  his sister .  the substance  in this !o2le  my sister3s room +T*3  Aata ang dicetak tebal adalah headword@n a. b. 4erundive ( 4erund5 Phrase2   aitu phrase ang headwordn a berupa gerund, angdiletakkan di awal phrase. Berund phrase pada umumn a diakhiri oleh noun.Contoh5  reading  a !ook.  playing chess.  drinking !eer.  stealing  my !ook. +T*3  Aata ang dicetak tebal adalah headword@n a. <i reading a book  , >a book? itu sendiriadalah noun phrase, ang men&adi direct ob&ect dari >reading?, sedangkan di stealing my book  >m book? adalah noun phrase ang men&adi direct ob&ect dari >stealing?.c. 6nfinitive Phrase2 aitu phrase ang headword@n a berupa in-initive, ang diletakkan di awal phrase. In-initive phrase pada umumn a diakhiri oleh noun.Contoh5  to play chess  to buy  that red car  to solve  this mathema#cs pro!lem
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