Test Bank for an Invitation to Environmental Sociology 5th Edition by Michael M Bell , Loka L. Ashwood

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Test Bank for an Invitation to Environmental Sociology 5th Edition by Michael M Bell , Loka L. Ashwood
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  Buynow50$  Description Chapter 9: The Human Nature of Nature Test Bank NOTE: the correct answer to each Multiple Choice, True/False, Short Answer, and Essay Questions are italicized.   Multiple Choice:  Choose the BEST answer from the four foils provided. 1.   Which of the following is not “nature” or “natural” according to Aristotle? (p. 255) 1.    A wooden bed   2.   Molten lava 3.   A breath of fresh air 4.   A violently destructive tornado 2.   Which of the following is “nature” or “natural” according to Aristotle? (p. 255)  1.   A wooden bed made by a human 2.   A dam made by a beaver 3.   Hives made by bees 4.   Fires made by spontaneous combustion  3.   Stephen Jay Gould replicated the “craniometry” research of Samuel G. Morton and concluded that: (p. 260) 1.   the smaller stature of females explained the difference in cranial size. 2.   cranial size does not indicate intelligence. 3.   feet size is a better predictor of intelligence. 4.   there is no significant difference between “races” in cranial size.    4.   Where did the idea of the national park srcinate? (p. 265) 1.   In England where it was later transplanted to the United States 2.   In Southeast Asia 3.   On the Indian subcontinent 4.   In the United States  5.   The example of the Keoladeo Ghana bird sanctuary established in Bharatpur, India demonstrates: (p. 269) 1.   that bird populations will increase if given sufficient wilderness in which to propagate. 2.   that local villagers have a devastating impact on wildlife. 3.   that humans and nature can coexist in harmony due to their interdependencies.  4.   that beneficial grazing was successful at overturning governmental ban on cattle grazing. 1.   What is an environmental nonproblem? (p. 277) 1.   Idealist conceptions of the environment that ignores problems 2.   Industrial narratives that spin and suppress the evidence of environmental     problems  1.   Scientific conflict over environmental problems that arises over disputed evidence 1.   A lie 1.   The book argues that under moral holism, (p. 254) 1.   environmental problems have emerged because we have tried to pretend that we are distinct from nature. 2.   people are part of nature. 3.    “Follow nature” is superfluous advice.  4.    All of the above.  1.   The authors’ arg ument that nature is an inescapably social and political phenomenon rests on the assumption that: (p. 258) 1.   the ancients show us as much in their teachings. 2.   nature is in part socially constructed.  3.   scientific conflict over environmental issues arise over contested data.  1.   politics is a polluting force. 1.   What is one example of environmental determinism? (p. 262) 1.   Huntington’s claim that climate was correlated with civilization  2.   The successful establishment of the Keoladeo Ghana bird sanctuary 3.   The construction of climate change skepticism 4.   Suburban and exurban zoning controls 1.   How does the idea of an “ozone hole” exemplify social construction? (p. 265)  1.   It’s an example of the realist– constructionist debate. 2.   It threatens the natural conscience of environmentalists. 3.   It demonstrates that how we see nature depends upon our perspective on social life. 4.   The ozone hole is used as a metaphor to capture public and political attention.  1.   Which of the following was the tragic example of naturalistic arguments used to promote racism? (p. 260) 1.   Huntington’s civilization research  2.   Morton’s Craniometry   3.   The social construction of the ozone hole 4.   The development of a bird sanctuary in India 1.   The case of changes in agreement over global warming is a prime example of which concept? (p. 277) 1.   Social reflection 2.   Postmodernism 3.   Environmental nonproblems  4.   Social inconvenience of “nature”   1.   What was Ellsworth Huntington’s conclusion about the relationship between climate and civilization? (p. 262) 1.   That climate was poorly related to the degree of civilization of a people 2.   That    Europe and the northeastern United States were associated with the highest levels of civilization  3.   That climate was correlated with size of skull 4.   That climate shaped what forms of wilderness protection certain civilizations pursued  1.   The author writes, “Wildness is a state of mind more than a state of nature.” What does he mean by this? (p. 268) 1.   Fixing environmental problems requires psychological change. 2.   Morton’s Craniometry  spoke to the way different people understood nature. 3.   The political sphere uses larger-than-life metaphors to shift public opinion on environmental issues. 4.   We   socially construct the meaning of nature.  1.   How has tourism’s rise been closely associated with environmentalism’s rise? (p. 272)  1.   Environmentalism has long stressed giving value to what is far from one’s own home.  2.   Tourists are attracted to places of man-made beauty. 3.   Tourist travel to places that permit them the “tourist gaze.”   4.   The “culture of leisure”   separates tourists from locals. 1.   The best definition of ghosts of place is: (p. 274) 1.   the way a landscape and its people can bring in the tourist’s dollars.  2.   the way tourists need to “see” the landscape to give it significance.  3.   the way local people experience landscape visually. 4.   a sense of the presence of that which is not, and those who are not, physically there.  1.   What was the primary argument of groups like Negative Population Growth, Zero Population Growth, and FAIR, Population – Environment Balance, according to the text? (p. 276) 1.   Population growth is primarily from immigration. 2.   Population growth negatively impacts our environment and quality of life. 3.   Overpopulation causes environmental degradation, traffic jams, deteriorating infrastructures, and homelessness. 4.    All of the above.   True or False: Please indicate whether the following statements are true or false by circling the correct answer. Note to Instructors: If preparing an exam for electronic grading, these instructions should be modified to instruct students how to fill in their bubble sheets. For example, “Please indicate whether the following statements are true or false by blackening the correct oval, 1 or A for True, 2 or B for False.”   1.   True False In Climate and Civilization , Ellsworth Huntington concluded that difficult climates produce people with the
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