Practice Extended Response

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Diana Siriwardena 9HisV Practice Extended Response – “Explain Government Controls” During the period of World War II, government controls were introduced. This involves the government playing an active role in controlling some of the lifestyle choices through the National Security Bill to improve Australia’s economic efficiency and better their chances at war. Specifically, this was achieved through introducing rationing, manpower controls and censorship. The government controlled the distribu
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  Diana Siriwardena 9HisV Practice Extended Response – “Explain Government Controls” During the period of World War II, government controls were introduced. Thisinvolves the government playing an active role in controlling some of thelifestyle choices through the National Security Bill to improve Australia’seconomic efficiency and better their chances at war. Specifically, this wasachieved through introducing rationing, manpower controls and censorship. The government controlled the distribution of goods through rationing to sustainand save the resources available to Australian civilians and Australian soldiersoverseas. It allowed a certain amount of a good to be distributed at a fixedamount. This was achieved through legislation as well as limited amounts of coupons which controlled the purchasing of goods. Goods, some of the,, whichwere rationed included tea, sugar, beef, pork and chocolate, firewood andcigarettes, as well as petrol and clothing. Rationing was to ensure everyone inthe community had fair access to goods and to ensure hoarding was preventing.Additionally, there were little imports as the ongoing war created conflict fromcountries and there was reduced labour in the areas of food production aslabour, the majority of it, had been transferred to weapon production. This issupported through photos of coupon cards and posters promoting theconsumption of sandwiches without butter. The controlled distribution of goodsthus enabled the curtailing of Australian expenditure and sustainability of resources.Another government control was the control of manpower which was thedecisions made by the government and government bodies concerning whereand how people worked (human resources and labour exploitation). This wasachieved by the Directorate of Manpower as well as manpower regulations toadministrate the needs of the armed services and industry while maximisingemployment to take full advantage of resources to help the foreign war efforts. The Directorate of Manpower oversaw the direction and composition of theworkforce. This along with raids ensured individuals were working to theirpotential. Some of this control’s power included the ability to exempt peoplefrom services or prohibit their employment, restrict the right of employees toengage into enlistment of their choice. This compensation for the mass shortageof labour is proven through primary sources where the Prime Minister John Curtindescribes his expectations of Australian citizens after the fall of Singapore.Manpower regulations allowed the ability to maximise employment to take fulladvantage of resources to help foreign war efforts.Censorship involved the removal of material from the public as it was consideredto be unsuitable or dangerous for moral, political or military reasons. Throughthe National Security Bill’s power to regulate everything, power was transferredto the Department of Information which handled censorship and propaganda. This was to ensure national morale remained high and public confidence was  Diana Siriwardena 9HisVretained. This department regulated everything from newspapers to privateletters, preventing reports from accounting for issues such as strikers orindustrial waste. Gossiping and the spreading of information were discouraged asit was seen that the enemy could get hold of information more easily.Additionally, newspaper copies were seized and sometimes production stopped.Censorship has been illustrated through the image of people cutting upnewspapers and other documentation to censor certain information from thepublic. Through this, the confidence of the public remained high throughshielding reports of certain events.Ultimately the various government controls such as rationing, manpowercontrols and censorship enables the government to improve their chances atsuccess at war as well as improved the economic efficiency of the country.
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