QCL-15-v3[3-cause effect diagrams]_[banasthali vidyapith]_[komal sharma]

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1. CAUSE-EFFECT DIGRAMS 2. What are cause-effect diagrams??? O These are casual diagrams created by Kaoru Ishikawa that shows the causes of a specific event. O These are…
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  • 1. CAUSE-EFFECT DIGRAMS
  • 2. What are cause-effect diagrams??? O These are casual diagrams created by Kaoru Ishikawa that shows the causes of a specific event. O These are also known as fishbone diagrams, Ishikawa diagrams , herringbone diagrams and fishikawa diagrams. O Common uses of the Ishikawa diagram are product design and quality defect prevention, to identify potential factors causing an overall effect.
  • 3. What are cause-effect diagrams??? INTRODUCTION TO CAUSES O Each cause or reason for imperfection is a source of variation. O Causes are usually grouped into major categories to identify these sources of variation. The categories typically include: 1. People 2. machines 3. Methods 4. Materials 5. Measurements 6. Environment
  • 4. Way of drawing a cause-effect diagram
  • 5. Subject: Late arrival of students (cause-effect diagram of late arrival of students)
  • 6. Cause-Effect Diagram Late for the classes Students Methods Measurements Machines Environmen t Materials Demotivated Irresponsible Lazy Physically not wellpsychological problems Challenging instructor’s authority Alarm Clock Waking time Route to classesAttentiveness Alarm clock Coffee machine Instrument for making breakfastMotorbike/any transport Cellphones/laptops Traffic jam fog Rituals at home Rain Holidays Family circumstances Good grades Clocking in incentiveness Attendance record Late for classes record Food Clothes electricity Assignments Books
  • 7. Three Root Causes!!!! O Students don’t take responsibility for themselves. O Students are experiencing emotional or psychological problems. O There is no consequence to being late.
  • 8. Three Root Causes!!!! O Students don’t take responsibility for themselves: While the majority of students are responsible and mature, there are some who struggle with the independence college provides and who fail to do what they need to do (e.g., set an alarm clock, allow sufficient time to get ready in the morning, figure out the bus schedule) to get to class on time.
  • 9. Three Root Causes!!!! O Students are experiencing emotional or psychological problems: Several psychological and emotional conditions can undermine students’ motivation to get to class on time. Indeed, a hallmark symptom of conditions such as depression includes a decreased motivation to engage in normal daily activities. In addition, prescription medications can interfere with motivation and may disrupt sleep patterns, which may indirectly affect students’ ability to get to class in a timely manner.
  • 10. Three Root Causes!!!! O There is no consequence to being late: The consequences associated with a behaviour help determine whether or not that behaviour will be repeated. If the consequences are negative, the behaviour is less likely to reoccur. This applies to coming late to class. If instructors fail to respond to or penalize lateness, or do so inconsistently, the behaviour is likely to continue.
  • 11. Solutions To Root Causes!!! O Students to take responsibility for themselves: 1. Making the expectations explicit: Clearly and unequivocally articulate your policy about lateness in your syllabus and on the first day of class. 2. Encourage communication: Make sure students know it is their responsibility to communicate with the authority if they are experiencing a legitimate problem that will cause them to be late or otherwise miss class time.
  • 12. Solutions To Root Causes!!! O Students are experiencing emotional or psychological problems: 1. Decide how students should make up the work: If teacher decide a student has a legitimate reason to come late, he can choose to allow it. However, he should decide what the student’s responsibilities should be vis-à-vis material missed. 2. Use campus resources: If a student who seems to be experiencing emotional problems that are interfering with his or her ability to get to class on time (or otherwise function as you would expect), consult with Counselling and Psychological services or the Dean of students affairs for advice.
  • 13. Solutions To Root Causes!!! O There is no consequence to being late: 1. Make your policy on lateness explicit: Articulate policy about lateness in syllabus and on the first day of class. It will be easier to respond firmly and authoritatively to lateness if policy is clear and in writing. 2. Have consequences for lateness: There are a number of ways to penalize lateness. Some instructors institute a lateness policy along with their attendance policy. 3. Make the beginning of class meaningful: Make sure there is a clear benefit for students who are on time by getting started on time and beginning with important, relevant material. Don’t waste the first few minutes of class; this only encourages lateness!
  • 14. Lessons Learned!!!!! O Consequences of being late in the class O Art of making cause-effect Diagrams. O Handling different situations related to attendance of classes O Importance of attending classes.
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