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   They think the shark is biting because it is curious —  humans Listening Section Part 1 Exercise 2 - Audio Track 1 A. Now, check your answers to the other questions in Exer- cise 1 by listening to the recording of an example of the Lis- tening section of the exam. Examiner: You're going to hear a short talk about an animal called a hyena. You will hear the talk twice. As you listen, write down some notes about what you hear —  if you want to. Then, I will ask you six questions on some facts about hyenas. Are you ready? Student: Yes. Narrator: Integrated Skills in English I. Task 1. Speaker: There are three species of hyena. The largest and most common of these is the spotted hyena. They appear very similar to dogs, but hyenas are actually closer to the cat family. They live together in groups of up to 80 individuals called clans. Unusually, the leader of the clan is a female, and fe- males are in charge in general. They weigh around three pounds more than males. Spotted hyena cubs are born with their eyes open. They drink their mother's milk for up to 18 months, but also start eating meat after 5. Other big cats, especially lions, are the main danger to them in the wild. Lions will kill hyenas at every opportunity as they are in competition for the same food. Hyenas are famous for their laugh. This is actually a type of message or call. It tells the rest of the clan members where the food is. You can hear it from 3 km away.   Examiner: Now listen again. (The text is heard again) Examiner: Now I'll ask you some questions. You only need to answer in a few words. OK ... What group or family of ani- mals are hyenas closest to? Student: Urn ... closest to cats. Examiner: OK. How many hyenas can there be in a clan? Student: Eh ... up to 80. Examiner: OK. What is unusual about hyena groups? Student: Um ... female is the leader. Examiner: OK. And when do baby hyenas start eating meat? Student: After 5 months. Examiner: Uh huh. And why do lions kill them? Student: Urn .. because they compete for food. Examiner: Uh huh. And why do hyenas make a laughing noise? Student: Um ... it's a message or call. Examiner: OK. Thank you. Now we'll move to Task 2. You are going to hear a short talk about science. You will hear the talk twice. The first time just listen. Then I'll ask you in a few words what the speaker's talking about. Are you ready? Student: Urn ... yes. Narrator: Integrated Skills in English 1. Task 2. Speaker: Great white sharks hunt throughout the world's oceans, usually in cool waters near land. They grow to around 4.6 metres long on average, making them the largest hunting ri fish on the planet. They are super-fast swimmers, reaching / 1 speeds of over 60 kph. They use this speed to hunt by surprise attack. They come from below the animal travelling quickly and bite or hit it before it can escape. They have a set of around 300 very sharp teeth to attack with. They eat mainly  large mammals, such as seals, sea lions and small whales, but rarely attack people. There are about 5-7 human shark attacks each year. Researchers believe these aren't really attacks at all. are an unusual sight in the sea. Great whites can smell poten- tial food from up to two miles away. Examiner: OK. Now tell me in a few words what the talk is about. Student: It's about how ... uh ... the way great white sharks hunt and what they eat. Examiner: OK. Thank you. Turn over your paper, please, and now listen to the talk again. Write down some notes about what you hear —  if you want to. Then I'll ask you to tell me six pieces of information about great white sharks. Are you ready? Student: Yes. Examiner: Now tell me six pieces of information about great white sharks. Student: OK ... Yes ... First, great white sharks hunt in all the world oceans - in the cold water near the land. Second, they grow to 4.6 metres tall. Third, they can swim very fast, more than 60 kph. Also, they hunt by ... uh ... surprising the fish by swimming very fast. They ... uh ... eat mostly large mammals, like seals and sea lions. Last of all, they can smell food from up to two miles away. Examiner: Thank you. Urn ... why do researchers think sharks attack humans?  Student: Urn ... they are very curious and take a bite just to ... eh ... see. Examiner: And how many attacks on humans are there on av- erage each year? Student: Um ... around five to seven attacks pe uh yes ... per year. Examiner: And can you tell me about their teeth? Student: Urn ... yes ... they have around 300 sharp teeth. Examiner: And anything else to add? Student: Urn ... no ... I don't think so. Examiner: Thank you. This part of the test is over. Thank you. This is the end of the test. Exercise 3 - Audio Track 2 Listen to the recording. Then answer the questions below. Write short answers only, not full sentences. The wood mouse, also known by the name field mouse, is one of the most common small animals in the UK. For every one person who lives there, there are two wood mice. However, life is not easy for these little mice, which have many predators (animals that want to eat them). These include foxes, owls and cats, which will all hunt and eat wood mice, when they have the opportunity. For this reason, wood mice don't have very long lives and only live around 12 months. Wood mice have verysood eyesight to help them see at night and stay safe. They can also make huge jumps in the air. This helps them es-
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