Testing TOPIC 3. Kinds of Tests

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Measurement Terms.1211
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  1 TOPIC 3:   Kinds of Tests/ Testing Hughes (2003, Chapter 3)   McNamara (2000, Chapter 1) Nguyen Nhu Hoa  2 1. Proficiency Tests  are designed to measure people’s ability in a   language regardless of any training they may   have had in that language (Hughes, p.9)    look to the future situation of language use   without necessarily any reference to the previous   process of teaching (McNamara, p. 7)    can be general proficiency tests such as IELTS,   TOEFL iBT, or a test for a particular purpose such   as Occupational test for health professionals, Test   for translator of UN    have a strong backwash influence (though they   do not take into consideration the training   courses test takers may have had before)  3  2. Achievement Tests    Definition   : An achievement test is an   instrument designed to measure what a person   has learned within or up to a given time. It is   based on a clear and public indication of the   instruction that has been given. (Davies et all.,    p. 2)    Achievement tests are associated with the    process of instructions. E.g. Final achievement   test and progress achievement test, portfolio   assessment, observational procedures for   recording progress on the basis of classroom   work and participation.  4  2. Achievement Tests (cont 1)    Two types of final achievement tests:   2.1   -   syllabus   -   content approach   + ads: fair as only test what students have   encountered.   + threats: if the syllabus is badly designed, the   result of the test can be very misleading. E.g..   A course designed for students going to study   in English speaking university but no listening   and note   -   taking is included
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